Adoption in Isalam.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
(May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked
Can we adopt childern in islam
If not y not
If we can, then can we adopt as single women.
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Adoption in Isalam
In the name of Allah,
We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah
guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide
them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah
Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the
seal of His Messengers.
Hadith 7.25 Narrated by Aisha
Abu Hudhaifa bin
Utba bin Rabi'a bin Abdi Shams who had witnessed the battle of Badr along with
the Prophet (saws) adopted Salim as his son, to whom he married his niece, Hind
bint Al-Walid bin 'Utba bin Rabi'a; and Salim was the freed slave of an Ansar
woman, just as the Prophet (saws) had adopted Zaid as his son. It was the
custom in the Pre-Islamic period that if somebody adopted a boy, the people
would call him the son of the adoptive father and he would be the latter's
heir. But when Allah revealed the Divine Verses: "Call them by (the names
of) their fathers……" (33.5) the adopted persons were called by their
fathers' names. The one whose father was not known, would be regarded as a
Maula and their brother in religion.
Hadith 6.305 Narrated by Abdullah
We used not to call
Zaid bin Haritha (r.a.) the freed slave and adopted son of Allah's Messenger
(saws) except Zaid bin Muhammad till the Quranic Verse was revealed: "Call
them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers. That is more than just in
the Sight of Allah." (33.5)
The Messenger of Allah (saws)
himself adopted the slave-boy Zaid bin Haritha (r.a.) given as a gift to him by
his wife Hadrat Khadijah (r.a.)…..Hadrat Zaid (r.a.) lived and grew up in the
Prophet’s (saws) household along with his other children, and until the Divine
Verses of Surah Ahzaab were revealed years later in Madinah, Hadrat Zaid bin
Haritha (r.a.) was called and recognized and Zaid bin Mohamed (saws)!
4974 Narrated by Abu Umamah
(saws) said, "If anyone strokes an orphan's head, doing so only for
Allah's Sake, he will have blessings for every hair over which his hand passes;
and if anyone treats well an orphan girl or boy under his care,
he and I (Prophet Mohamed (saws)) shall be like these two in Paradise,"
putting two of his fingers together!
4973 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
(saws) said, "The best house among the Muslims is one which contains
an orphan who is well treated, and the worst house among the Muslims is
one which contains an orphan who is badly treated."
Hadith 8.34 Narrated by Sahl bin Sad
The Prophet (saws)
said, "I and the person who looks after an orphan and provides for him,
will be in
In light of the above guidance
of the Quran and Sunnah not only is adoption permitted in Islam, it is highly
encouraged and an extremely meritorious act in the Sight of the Lord Most
There is absolutely no
restriction in Shariah regarding a single woman adopting a child, but because
the relationship of blood in Islamic Law has obvious ties towards marriage,
inheritance, etc.; there are certain guidelines in Islam a believer who wishes
to adopt must follow:
- The child will always be called by his/her
biological father’s name.
- The child will only inherit from his original
blood-relationship. He will not be
eligible to inherit from his foster-parents. The foster-parents who adopt the child
have the option to will or bequeath upto a maximum of one/third of their
wealth to their adopted children after their death, if they wish to do so.
- If the foster-mother has nursed the adopted
child in her infancy, then she will be considered a mehram of the child;
but if the foster-mother has not nursed the adopted child, then she will
not be considered a mehram of the adopted child.
Whatever written of
Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever
of error is of me alone. Allah Alone
Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well
wisher in Islam,