How to perform itikaf home woman
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
(May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked
would like to know how you do "etteqaf" at home. not sure how to
spell it. are you allowed to speak to people on the phone to see how they are?
to what extent can you speak to people that live with you? just generally how u
do it really. thankyou
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How to perform
itikaf home woman
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His
help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide,
and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear
witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear
witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His
The general and preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah
(saws) was to dedicate himself to the worship and remembrance of the Lord in
isolation in the masjid for a period of ten days in the month of Ramadan. In
the year the Prophet (saws) died, he (saws) observed ‘itikaf’ for twenty days
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 3.260 Narrated by Abu Huraira
The Prophet (saws) used to perform ‘Itikaf’
every year in the month of Ramadan for ten days, and when it was the year of
his death, he (saws) stayed in ‘Itikaf’ for twenty days.
The scholars and jurists in Islam are absolutely unanimous
in their opinion that there is absolutely no minimum period one may intend to
observe the worship of ‘itikaf’…..as long as one makes the intention to observe
the ‘itikaf’ and dedicates oneself to the worship and remembrance of the Lord,
even if it be for a day or a night, or a part of the day or the night, one
would be considered to be in the state of ‘itikaf’.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 3.152a
Topic: Permisible Acts for the Mu'takif
The following acts are permissible for one
who is performing the worship of ‘itikaaf’:
Combing and cutting one's hair, clipping one's nails, cleaning
one's body, wearing nice clothes or wearing perfume are all permissible.
The person may go out for some need that he must perform. The
scholars agree that the one who performs ‘itikaaf’ may leave the mosque in
order to answer the call of nature, for this is something that he personally
must perform, and he cannot do it in the mosque. Also, if he needs to eat or
drink and there is no one to bring him his food, he may leave to get it. If one
needs to vomit, he may leave the mosque to do so. For anything that he must do
but cannot do in the mosque, he can leave it, and such acts will not void his
‘itikaaf’, even if they take a long time. Examples of these types of acts would
include washing one's self, cleaning his body or clothes from impurities,
attending the Friday prayers, witnessing a funeral, etc.
The person may eat, drink, and sleep in the mosque, and he should
also keep it clean.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 3.154
Topic: Actions that nullify the worship of
If a person performs one of the following
acts, their ‘itikaaf’ will be nullified:
1. Intentionally leaving the mosque without
any need to do so, even if it is for just a short time. In such a case, one
would not be staying in the mosque, which is one of the principles of
belief in Islam, as this would nullify all acts of worship.
3. Losing one's reason due to insanity or
drunkenness, or the onset of menstruation or post-childbirth bleeding, all of
which disqualifies a person for ‘itikaaf’.
Question: ….my mum would like to know how you do "etteqaf" at home.
At the time of the Prophet (saws), his noble and chaste
wives would perform the worship of ‘itikaaf’ in the masjid; and if one finds a
masjid which has arranged for women to perform ‘itikaaf’ in the masaajids, it
is permissible for the believing women who wish to fulfill the worship of
‘itikaaf’ to do so in the masaajids.
But in this day and age, the absolute majority of the
scholars and jurists, including the great Imam Abu Hanifah, are of the opinion
that it is permissible for the believing woman to perform the worship of
‘itikaaf’ in their homes.
A believing woman may isolate and dedicate oneself in a
corner of a room, or even a room in the house if available to the sole
remembrance and worship of Allah Subhanah for a fixed period of time.
Question: ….are you allowed to speak to people on the phone to see how they
are? to what extent can you speak to people that live with you?
If one has an absolutely genuine need, or one wishes to
enquire about the health or state of a loved or dear one, there is absolutely
no harm if one speaks either personally or through the phone to fulfill their
What is not permitted is that one talk casual or vain talk
for hours on end about all and sundry when they have isolated and dedicated
themselves to the remembrance of Allah in ‘itikaaf’. But if one communicates either personally or
through the phone for a genuine need, there is absolutely no harm and it does
not affect the validity of their worship of ‘itikaaf’.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only
due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me
alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is
the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and
well wisher in Islam,