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Atonement for missed fasts for years.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear Brother Burhan,

 

Assalam Alakum

 

I find the questions and your replies extremely useful and I pray that Allah helps you and uses you as a means to guide people like me who have extremely limited knowledge of Deen and have kept away from the prescribed Fard for a long part of our lives.

 

I live and work in Abu Dhabi and have been fasting regularly dring Ramadan for the past 14 years. However before that when I was in India  I have fasted very rarely and erratically during Ramadan for the first 30 years of my life.

 

My question is from what age are the Ramadan Soum Fard on people.

 

What is the Fidiya / Compensatory Fasts that I have to observe for the obligatory fasts that I have missed out from the time they became obligatory on me till the time I started observing them regularly without missing any ?

 

May Allah help you in your task and may Allah forgive me for my misdeeds.

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Atonement for missed fasts for years

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

May Allah Subhanah reward you with the best of this world and the Hereafter for your kind comments of encouragement for our humble efforts in the propagation of the Truth. If our humble and modest efforts have helped even one brother or sister get closer to Allah and His Deen of Truth, then we would consider ourselves indeed fortunate to have been given this opportunity by the Lord Most Merciful to serve in His Cause. We hope, beg, and pray the Merciful Lord accepts our humble and weak efforts, forgives us our shortcomings, and saves you, us, and all the believers from the torment of the Hell Fire. Ameen.

 

Your Question: My question is from what age are the Ramadan Soum Fard on people.

Hadrat Aishah (r.a.) related that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said, "The pen is raised for three (meaning: there is no obligation upon three): one who is sleeping until he wakens, the child until he becomes an adult, and one who is insane until he becomes sane."

Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, and al-Hakim.

 

Prayers and fasting (and all other duties) become obligatory upon a believer, man or woman, when they attain the age of puberty.

 

Your Question: .What is the Fidiya / Compensatory Fasts that I have to observe for the obligatory fasts that I have missed out from the time they became obligatory on me till the time I started observing them regularly without missing any ?

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 185:

185 Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So everyone of you who is present (or witnesses) the month should spend it in fasting but if anyone is ill or on a journey the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.

 

If one has in their past been so negligent in the observance of their obligatory fasts that they have missed their obligatory fasts of Ramadan for years. then the absolute first thing one must do is immediately turn back to their Lord Most Gracious in sincere Taubah for their severe negligence and lapse of their obligatory duty, and make a solemn and sincere intention that from this day forward, they will strive to observe every obligatory fast. If the person is sincere in seeking repentance, it is expected that they will find his Lord Merciful and Forgiving.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 39 Surah Zumur verses 53-54:

(O Prophet) say: O My servants who have wronged their own souls.Do not despair of Allahs Mercy! Surely, Allah forgives all sins. He indeed is the All Forgiving, All Merciful. Return to your Lord and submit to Him before the scourge overtakes you; for then you may get no help from anywhere.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 3 Surah Ale Imraan verse 135-136:

Allah likes such good people very much, who, if ever they commit a base deed or wrong their own soul by the commission of a sin, remember Allah instantly, and ask for forgiveness from Him for their shortcomings. For who, but Allah, can forgive sins? (And Allah loves those) who do not knowingly persist in the wrongs they did. These will be rewarded with forgiveness from Allah, and with Gardens beneath which canals flow, and they will reside therein forever! How excellent is the reward of those who do good deeds!

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 6 Surah Anaam verse 54:

When those come to you who believe in Our Signs, say: "Peace be on you! Your Lord had inscribed for Himself (the rule of) Mercy. Verily if any of you did evil in ignorance, and thereafter repented and amended (his conduct), Lo! He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."

 

As a manifestation of their sincere repentance, the person should then strive their utmost to estimate the number of fasts they might have missed and make up the missed fasts before they meet with their appointment of death ..if one is indeed sincere in ones repentance and in the manifestation of ones repentance, it is expected that their Lord Most Gracious will not only forgive them their negligence, but will reward them abundantly for their repentance.

 

Other than making sincere taubah and repentance, and manifesting their repentance by making up the missed fasts one does not have to pay any other type of kaffarah or atonement. Their sincere taubah and the making up of their missed fasts would suffice as their kaffarah or atonement.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 


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