Adoption not allowed in shariah.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
(May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked
I just forget to explain...
It should explain to you whay its not allowd the adoption in Islam...
I really appreciate your nice way of explaining things, but I just want you to keep in mind that according to the civil laws in Islamic countries they all follow what comes in Sharia, so they are following that, and if it was clear and allowed in Islam to adopt then they will follow it, but its clearly not accepted in Islam, and not allowed, there are about 2 million kid live in government Orphanage in Egypt but they are not allowed to be adopted according to Sharia, so you cannot write what you think its nice without asking more why they are not allowing it..
Its a nice try of you, but sorry the truth is different.
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Adoption not allowed
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His
help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide,
and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear
witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear
witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His
Statements: Please read
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 33 Surah
Ahzaab verse 37:
Behold! Thou (O Prophet (saws))
didst say to the one (Hadrat Zaid bin Haritha (r.a.), the adopted son of the
Prophet (saws)) who had received the grace of Allah and thy favor: "Retain
thou (in wedlock) thy wife and fear Allah." But thou didst hide in thy
heart that which Allah was about to make manifest: thou didst fear the people
but it is more fitting that thou shouldst fear Allah. Then when Zaid had dissolved (his marriage)
with her with the necessary (formality) We joined her in marriage to thee: in
order that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in (the
matter of) marriage with the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have
dissolved with the necessary (formality) (their marriage) with them: and
Allah's Command must be fulfilled.
Respected brother in Islam, to
the best of our understanding, there is absolutely nothing in the above quoted
Verse 37 of Surah Ahzaab which prohibits adoption in Islam!
Question: I really appreciate your nice way of explaining things, but I just
want you to keep in mind that according to the civil laws in Islamic countries
they all follow what comes in Sharia, so they are following that, and if it was
clear and allowed in Islam to adopt then they will follow it, but its clearly
not accepted in Islam, and not allowed, there are about 2 million kid live in
government Orphanage in Egypt but they are not allowed to be adopted according
to Sharia, so you cannot write what you think its nice without asking more why
they are not allowing it..
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 6.305 Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar
We used not to call Zaid bin Haritha the
freed slave of Allah's Messenger (saws) except Zaid bin Muhammad (saws), till
the Qu'anic Verse was revealed: "Call them (adopted sons) by (the names
of) their fathers. That is more than just in the Sight of Allah." (33.5)
The Messenger of Allah (saws)
himself adopted Hadrat Zaid (r.a.) as his son, and for a long period of time
Hadrat Zaid (r.a.) was known and called as Zaid bin Mohamed (saws)….until Allah
Subhanah revealed the Command in Surah Ahzaab guiding the believers to call
their adopted sons by the name of their own biological fathers, after
which Hadrat Zaid (r.a.) was called and recognized by his biological father’s
name, ie. son of Haritha.
Respected brother, if the Noble Prophet Mohamed (saws)
himself adopted a child, rest absolutely assured that ‘adoption’ per say cannot
and is not prohibited in Islam!!! What
is indeed categorically prohibited in Islam is that one’s adopted child is
called and recognized by the name of its adopted father, rather than the name
of its own biological father.
We will take your word that 2-million children live in
government orphanage houses in Egypt and the government there does not allow
adoption….whatever might be the reasons for the governments of so called
‘Islamic Nations’ like Egypt not allowing adoptions, we absolutely assure you
in light of the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah, that adoption by itself
is neither discouraged nor prohibited in Shariah Law….on the contrary, it is
considered an absolutely meritorious act and deed in the Sight of Allah
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah
Baqarah verse 215:
215 They ask thee what they should spend (in charity). Say: “Whatever ye spend that is good is for
parents, and kindred, and orphans, and those in want, and for
wayfarers. And whatever ye do that is
good Allah knoweth it well.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah
Baqarah verse 220:
220 …..They ask thee (O Prophet (saws)) concerning orphans. Say: "The best thing to do is what is
for their good.”
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 4974 Narrated by Abu Umamah
Allah's Messenger (saws) said, "If
anyone strokes an orphan's head, doing so only for Allah's Sake, he will have
blessings for every hair over which his hand passes; and if anyone treats well
an orphan girl or boy under his care, he and I (Prophet Mohamed (saws)) shall
be like these two in Paradise," putting two of his fingers together!
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 4973 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
Allah's Messenger (saws) said, "The best
house among the Muslims is one which contains an orphan who is well treated,
and the worst house among the Muslims is one which contains an orphan who is
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.34 Narrated by Sahl bin Sad
The Prophet (saws) said, "I and the person
who looks after an orphan and provides for him, will be in
Because the relationship of blood in Islamic Law has
obvious ties towards marriage, inheritance, etc.; there are certain guidelines
in Islam a believer who wishes to adopt must follow:
- The child will always be called by his/her
biological father’s name.
- The child will only inherit from its original
blood-relationship. It will not be
eligible to inherit from its foster-parents. The foster-parents who adopt the child
have the option to will or bequeath upto a maximum of one/third of their
wealth to their adopted children after their death, if indeed they wish to
- If the foster-mother has nursed the adopted
child in her infancy, then she will be considered a mehram of the child;
but if the foster-mother has not nursed the adopted child, then she will
not be considered a mehram of the adopted child.
If one trusts, obeys, and follows the guidance and
commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws),
one can be assured of never ever being misled; but if one believes, obeys and follows any
other guidance, other than that of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be
assured of being led astray.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only
due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me
alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is
the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and
well wisher in Islam,