Can one perform nikkah by themselves.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
can we read our nikah by our selves.? .and please tell me that in sigha and daimi nikah both we can read or not?
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Can one perform nikkah by themselves
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
The absolutely obligatory conditions for a marriage or ‘nikaah’ to be deemed lawful in the Sight of Shariah and of Allah Subhanah are:
- Proposal by one party and acceptance by the other.
- The determination of ‘mehr’ for the bride.
- The availability of at least two witnesses to the marriage contract.
- The consent of the parents/guardians of the bride.
If even one of the above four obligatory conditions of a ‘nikaah’ are not honored, the marriage will not be deemed lawful in the Sight of Shariah Law and of Allah Subhanah.
Your Question: can we read our nikah by our selves.?
The ‘nikaah’ or the Shariah rite which unites and bonds two non-mehram members of the opposite sex in the sacred institution of marriage in the Sight of Allah is not something which one does in secrecy or privacy…but is a public affair and it is the preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) to announce the ‘nikaah’ publicly in the society one lives in with a wedding banquet or ‘walima’.
One cannot perform the ‘nikaah’ by oneself; the absolute minimum involvement of persons which would be required for a ‘nikaah’ to be considered lawful in the Sight of Shariah Law and of Allah Subhanah would be as follows:
- The bride
- The groom
- The one who actually performs the ‘nikaah’ (The Qadi or Judge, or an adult male believer, etc.)
- (At least) Two witnesses to the ‘nikaah’ contract.
- The consent of the ‘wali’ or guardian of the bride.
We reiterate again that the evil of ‘zina’ (illegal sexual intercourse) is something which is normally done in secrecy; the honorable and sacred institution of ‘nikaah’ on the other hand is something declared publicly.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chatper 5 Surah Maidah verse 5:
…..(Lawful unto you in marriage) are (not only) chaste women who are believers but chaste women among the People of the Book revealed before your time ,when ye give them their due dowers and desire chastity not lewdness nor secret intrigues. If anyone rejects faith fruitless is his work and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who are losers.
Your Question: …..and please tell me that in sigha and daimi nikah both we can read or not?
To the best of our limited knowledge, we have not come across anything in the Quran or the authentic and established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws), or any of the accepted books of ‘Fiqh’ (Islamic Jurisprudence) which suggest terms like ‘sigha’ or ‘daimi’ nikaah….thus Allah Alone Knows Best who invented these terms, and what exactly is implied by these terms!
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,