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What is the ruling regarding Start of a fast and ending of fast time according to Quran & Hadith

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What is the ruling regarding Start of a fast and ending of fast time according to Quran & Hadith 


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Starting and ending time fasts

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.


Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 187:

187 Permitted to you on the night of the fasts is the approach to your wives. They are your garments. And ye are their garments. Allah knoweth what ye used to do secretly among yourselves; but He turned to you and forgave you; so now associate with them and seek what Allah hath ordained for you and eat and drink until the white thread of dawn appear to you distinct from its black thread; then complete your fast till the night appears; but do not associate with your wives while ye are in retreat in the mosques. Those are limits (set by) Allah; approach not nigh thereto. Thus doth Allah make clear His signs to men that they may learn self-restraint.


Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 6.36 Narrated by Ash Shabi

'Adi took a white rope (or thread) and a black one, and when some part of the night had passed, he looked at them but he could not distinguish one from the other. The next morning he went to the Prophet (saws) and said, "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! I put (a white thread and a black thread) underneath my pillow." The Prophet (saws) said, "Then your pillow is too wide if the white thread (of dawn) and the black thread (of the night) are underneath your pillow!"


Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 3.140 Narrated by Adi bin Hatim

When the above verses were revealed: "Until the white thread appears to you, distinct from the black thread..”, I took two (hair) strings, one black and the other white, and kept them under my pillow and went on looking at them throughout the night but could not make anything out of it. So, the next morning I went to Allah's Messenger (saws) and told him the whole story. He (saws) explained to me, "That verse means the darkness of the night and the whiteness of the dawn."


Your Question: What is the ruling regarding Start of a fast and ending of fast time according to Quran & Hadith? 

In light of the above Verse of the Glorious Quran and the guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws), the fast time starts just before the absolute first break of dawn until the sun has completely set and first sign of darkness appears on the horizon.


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