My question now is about fasting 6 days in the month of Shawal
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My question now is about fasting 6 days in the month of Shawal. How did Rasullah fast in the month of Shawal. Immediately after Eid or any day in the month of Shawal. How about ladies who cannot fast because of haid. Must ladies qadar ramadan fast first before sunnat shawal.
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Missed or voluntary fasts
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Your Question: My question now is about fasting 6 days in the month of Shawal. How did Rasullah fast in the month of Shawal.
Abu Ayyub al-Ansari reported that the Prophet (saws) said: "Whoever fasts during the month of Ramadan and then follows it with six days of Shawwal, will be [rewarded] as if he had fasted the entire year."
Related by Muslim, Tirmidhi, Ahmad, Abu Dawood.
To the best of our knowledge, there is no mention in the authentic and established Sunnah regarding the exact days of voluntary fasting of the Messenger of Allah (saws) during the month of Shawwal other than or any different than his practice of observing voluntary fasts in any other month of the year (except Ramadan). The Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) was to observe his voluntary fasts on Mondays and Thursdays, and/or on the 13th, 14th, 15th of the month.
Your Question: Immediately after Eid or any day in the month of Shawal.
One may observe one’s voluntary or supererogatory fasts on any days one wishes or is easy for them, but one should abstain from observing voluntary fasts exclusively on the Day of Friday, unless one fasts one day before or after with it.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 3.121
The day of Friday is a kind of weekly 'id for Muslims and, therefore, it is discouraged and disliked to fast on that day. Most scholars say that this prohibition is one of dislike and not one of complete forbiddance.
If one fasts on the day before or after it, or if it is a day that one customarily fasts on (for example, the 13th, 14th, or 15th of the month), or if it is the day of 'Arafah or Ashurah, then it is not disliked to fast on such a Friday.
Abdullah ibn Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) entered the room of Juwairiyah bint al-Harith while she was fasting on a Friday. He (saws) asked her: "Did you fast yesterday?" She answered, "No." He (saws) said: "Do you plan to fast tomorrow?" She answered, "No." Then he (saws) said: "Then break your fast."
Related by Ahmad and an-Nasa'i.
Amr al-Ashari reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (saws) say: "Verily, Friday is an Eid for you, so do not fast on it unless you fast the day before or after it."
Related by al-Bazzar.
Your Question: How about ladies who cannot fast because of haid. Must ladies qadar ramadan fast first before sunnat shawal.
It is absolutely preferred that any believer, regardless of male or female, who has missed some days of obligatory fasts of Ramadan should make up their missed fasts first before performing any voluntary or supererogatory fasts.
The missed fasts of Ramadan are a debt one owes to their Lord and must be fulfilled before one performs any of the ‘nafl’ or ‘voluntary’ fasts.
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Your brother and well wisher in Islam,