Is working in bank unlawful.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
(May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked
Dear brother Burhan, Asslamo Alaikum,
Kindly let me know in the light of Sharia, if working for
a bank is Haram. If so, should one refuse a proposal of marriage received for
his daughter, in case the boy is working in a bank.
Or can he accept the proposal, if the boy agrees to try to
change his job in the future, which may or may not materialize under the
present employment situation.
Will appreciate your early reply.
(There may be some grammatical and spelling
errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from
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Is working in bank
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His
help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide,
and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear
witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear
witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His
Respected Brother in Islam, it is not that the system of
banking in its essence has been declared haraam in Islam; but what Allah and
His Messenger (saws) have specifically and categorically declared absolutely
forbidden and haraam is the concept of ‘riba’.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah
Baqarah verse 274-276:
But those who devour
‘riba’ become like the one whom Shaitaan has bewitched and maddened by his
touch. They have been condemned to this
condition because they say, “Trade is just
like ‘riba”, whereas Allah has
made trade halaal and ‘riba’ haraam.
Henceforth, if one abstains from
taking ‘riba’ after receiving this admonition from his Lord, no legal action shall be taken against him
regarding the ‘riba’ he had devoured before:
his case shall ultimately go to Allah.
But if one repeats the same crime even after this, he shall go to Hell, where he shall abide for ever! Allah deprives ‘riba’ of all blessing and
develops charity, and Allah does not
like an ungrateful, sinful person.
Allah says further in the Holy Quran Chapter 2
Surah Baqarah verse 278:
O Believers!, fear Allah and give up that ‘riba’ which is
still due to you, if you are true
believers. But if you do not do so, then you are warned of the declaration of war against you
by Allah and His Messenger!
Allah says in the Holy
Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisa verse 161:
That they took
‘riba’, although they were forbidden. And that they devoured men’s
substance wrongfully. We have prepared
for those among them who reject faith a grievous punishment (of Hell Fire)!
2829 Narrated by Ali ibn AbuTalib
Ali heard Allah's
Messenger (saws) invoke the curse of Allah on those who took usury, those who
paid it, those who recorded it, and those who refused to give
There is absolutely no doubt that the conventional banking
system is based on the system of ‘riba’, and even though one might not be
involved himself in consuming ‘riba’, their working in such institutions would
make them an accomplice in promoting and facilitating what has clearly been
declared forbidden by Allah and His Messenger (saws).
If one facilitates any business which deals exclusively in
what has been specifically declared as ‘haraam’ or unlawful by Allah and His
Messenger (saws), like ‘riba’, prostitution, pornography, intoxicants, etc.,
then without an iota of a doubt, one would indeed have a share in the sin
according to one’s level of participation.
One cannot say with absolute conviction that the earning
of every person working in a conventional bank is unlawful or haraam; but one’s
involvement with the institution facilitates the concept of ‘riba’, then
without an iota of a doubt, one would indeed have a share in the sin according
to one’s level of participation. It would definitely be prudent and wise of the
believers to fear Allah and seek to employ their talents elsewhere and earn
their livelihood from a source which is not doubtful.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 3.267 Narrated
by An Numan bin Bashir
The Prophet (saws) said "Both the
‘halaal’ (legal) and the ‘haraam’ (illegal) things are obvious, and in between
them are (suspicious) doubtful matters. So whoever forsakes those doubtful
things lest he may commit a sin, will definitely avoid what is clearly illegal;
and whoever indulges in these (suspicious) doubtful things bravely, is likely
to commit what is clearly illegal. Sins are Allah's Hima (i.e. private pasture)
and whoever pastures (his sheep) near it, is likely to get in it at any
Your Question: …..If so, should one refuse a proposal of
marriage received for his daughter, in case the boy is working in a bank. Or can he accept the proposal,
Respected brother, it is not as if it is prohibited or
forbidden in Shariah for the parents of a believing girl to give the hand of
their daughter in marriage to a believer who might perchance be involved in
major sins. As long as the suitor is a
believer, the marriage itself will be considered lawful in the Sight of Shariah
Law and in the Sight of Allah Subhanah.
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 3090 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
Allah's Messenger (saws) said, 'When someone
with whose religion and character you are satisfied asks your daughter in
marriage, accede to his request. If you do not do so, there will be temptation
on earth and extensive corruption.'
Having said that the marriage itself would be lawful and
legal, it is entirely upto the parents/guardians and the girl whether she
wishes to unite in the sacred bond of marriage with one who is known to be
involved in a major sin, or perchance find someone whose practice of religion
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only
due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me
alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is
the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and
well wisher in Islam,