What is rooh in Surah Qadr?
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
In surah "qadar", In Aayat#4, God says" In this blessed night, "Maliakah & Rooh come on earth by the order of Allah" Can you please clarify the meaning of Rooh here, What does it mean. According to some schools of thought "Rooh" here means Rooh-ul-Amin "Hazrat Gabreal A.S". If this is correct, then what is his role on that particular night. Because the primary duty of Hazrat Gabreal A.S is considered to convey the message of God to his representative on earth". We need some elaboration in this regard, Please guide us in this manner. Thanks
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
Who is rooh in surah qadr?
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 97 Surah Qadr verses 1-5:
1 We have indeed revealed this (Message) in the night of Power:
2 And what will explain to thee what the Night of Power is?
3 The Night of Power is better than a thousand Months.
4 Therein come down the Angels and the Spirit (Rooh) by Allah's permission on every errand:
5 Peace!... This until the rise of Morn!
Your statement: Can you please clarify the meaning of Rooh here, What does it mean.
Indeed, the ‘Rooh’ in the above Aayah of Surah Qadr refers to the Arch-Angel, Hadrat Jibrael (a.s.).
Your statement: what is his role on that particular night. Because the primary duty of Hazrat Gabreal A.S is considered to convey the message of God to his representative on earth.
Indeed, the primary duty of Hadrat Jibrael (a.s.) is to bring the Revelations of Allah to the Prophets of Allah Subhanah on earth; but that is not his only duty. Being the Arch-Angel, and one of the closest Angels to the Majestic Lord, he (a.s.) may be assigned any other duty like:
Carrying out the prescribed punishment of Allah Subhanah on the disbelieving people, like he destroyed the people of Prophet Lut (a.s.).
Or, helping the believing slaves by the command of Allah Subhanah, as he helped the believers in the Battle of Badr, Ahzaab, Hunain, etc.
To magnify or show the importance of this one night above all the other nights, Allah Subhanah declares that this Night of Qadr is so blessed and so sanctified, that the Majestic Lord sends down not only the Angels, but even the leader of the Angels, Hadrat Jibrael (a.s.) with every important and wise Decree of Allah Subhanah that must be implemented: be it to destroy the evil nations or people, be it to help some of His believing slaves, or any other Command or Decree of Allah Subhanah.
A similar theme is presented in the Holy Quran in Surah Dukhaan.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 44 Surah Dukhaan verses 3-4:
3 We sent it (The Quran) down during a blessed night: for We (ever) wish to warn (against Evil).
4 In that (night) is made distinct every Affair of Wisdom
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,