Can we pray at 12 midnight the isha prayer? til whn is itvalid? till when is asr valid and tilll whin is maghrib?? and same goes for fajr and zuhar?
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
(May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked
as salam alaikum
may allah bless u all for such an effort!! u people are doing the best anuone can do in his life!
1. can we pray at 12 midnight the isha prayer? til whn is itvalid? till when is asr valid and tilll whin is maghrib?? and same goes for fajr and zuhar?
2. we cannot go to toilet if we are eating(chewing) something and that is in our mouth ?
3. surah fateha shud be recited when the imam is not reciting i.e. during the last two rakah in esha and similarly but then when u say that imams words are our words , then we shud also not recite even when hez not reciting loudly!! as fas as the other hadeeth you told menbtioning nvalidation of salath without fateha , then for that imam comletes this requirement and we by keeping quite follow the second haddeth??? what are your comments?
in the nutshell wht shud we do concerning reciting of surah al fateha during any prayer?
4. is ablution valid in the towel just covring our belly til below the knee?
5. i want to present islam to one of my freind, how should i start? plz recommend any book, any site,method,?
alhamdulillah i do forward most of
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Hell Fire. Ameen.
Q-1: can we pray at 12
midnight the isha prayer? til whn is itvalid? till when is asr valid and tilll
whin is maghrib?? and same goes for fajr and zuhar?
Jarir ibn Abdullah narrated that the Angel Jibrael (a.s.) came to the Messenger of Allah (saws) and said to him, "Stand and pray," and they prayed the noon (dhuhr) prayer when the sun had just passed its meridian. He then came to him (saws) for the afternoon (asr) prayer and said, "Stand and pray," and they prayed the afternoon (asr) prayer while the length of a shadow of something was similar to the length of the object. Then he came at sunset and said, "Stand and pray," and they prayed the sunset (magrib) prayer when the sun had just disappeared. Then he came at night and said, "Stand and pray" and they prayed the night (isha) prayer when the twilight had disappeared. He came again when dawn broke (and they prayed the morning (fajr) prayer). Then Jibrael (a.s.) came on the next day at noon and said (to the Messenger of Allah (saws)), "Stand and pray," and they prayed the noon (dhuhr) prayer when the length of the shadow of something was close to the length of the object. Then he came for the afternoon prayer and said, "Stand and pray," and they prayed the afternoon (asr) prayer when the shadow of something was twice as long as the length of the object. Then he came at the same time (as the previous day) for the sunset (magrib) prayer, without any change. Then he came for the night (isha) prayer after half (or a third) of the night had passed. Then he came when the sky was very yellow and said, "Stand and pray," and they prayed the morning (fajr) prayer. Then Jibrael (a.s.) said, "Between these times are the times for the prayers.
Related by Bukhari, Ahmad, an-Nasa'i and
In light of the above guidance, if one prays the
prescribed prayer between the two specified periods, their prayer will be
considered on-time; and it was the preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah
(saws) to offer the prescribed obligatory prayers at its earliest times.
Al-Muwatta Hadith 1.9
Yahya related to me from Malik from Yazid ibn Ziyad that Abdullah
ibn Rafi, the mawla of Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet (saws) asked Abu
Hurayra about the time of the prayer.
Abu Hurayra said, "Let me tell you.
Pray ‘dhuhr’ when the length of your shadow matches your height, ‘asr’
when your shadow is twice your height, ‘maghrib’
when the sun has set, ‘isha’ in the first third of the night, and
‘fajr’ in the very first light of dawn," i.e. when the dawn has definitely
Thus in light of the above guidance the valid prayer
‘time-bands’ are as follows:
Fajr: Starts at the very first break of
dawn, and ends when the sun starts rising from the horizon.
Dhuhr: Starts when the sun moves a little west from its absolute zenith, and
ends when the shadow of an object is equal to the height of the object.
Asr: Starts when the shadow of an
object is exceeds the height of the object and ends when the sun starts to set
on the western horizon.
Magrib: Starts when the sun has completely set until the twilight disappears.
Isha: Starts when the twilight completely disappears
and is dark, and ends when half the night has passed.
cannot go to toilet if we are eating(chewing) something and that is in our
To the best of our knowledge there is no specific guidance in the established and authentic Sunnah that one cannot go to the toilet or should not relieve themselves if one is eating or chewing something in their mouth; but it is only obvious and would be amongst the etiquettes and disciplines of hygiene that one strives to abstain from eating in a place dedicated to the removal of human filth.
Q-3: surah fateha shud
be recited when the imam is not reciting i.e. during the last two rakah in esha
and similarly but then when u say that imams words are our words , then we shud
also not recite even when hez not reciting loudly!! as fas as the other hadeeth
you told menbtioning nvalidation of salath without fateha , then for that imam
comletes this requirement and we by keeping quite follow the second haddeth???
what are your comments?
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 7 Surah Aaraf verse 204:
When the Quran is recited to you, listen to it with attention and
keep silent. It may be that you also are blessed with mercy.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.723 Narrated by Ubada bin As Samit
Allah's Messenger (saws) said, "Whoever
does not recite Al-Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid."
There is slight difference of opinion amongst the four
major schools of thought, and although all agree to the guidance that one
should remain silent when the Quran is being recited, a prayer without
recitation of Surah Fatihah is invalid, and the prayer of the ‘imam’ is the
prayer of the ‘muktadi’ (the one praying behind in congregation)……in our humble
opinion the best opinion is that of Imam Malik of the Maliki School who opines
that when the Imam is praying and recites the Surah Al-Fatihah and the Quran
aloud (Fajr, and the first two rakahs of Magrib and Isha), the ‘muktadi’ should
remain silent and listen to the Imam’s recitation; and in the rakahs when the
Imam recites the Surah Al-Fatihah and/or the Quran silently (Dhuhr, Asr, the
last rakah of Magrib, and the last two rakahs of Isha), the believers should
recite the Surah Al-Fatihah and/or the Quran themselves. But if for any reason the ‘muktadi’ chooses to
remain silent in those rakahs, his prayer will still be valid according to the
guidance of the hadith that the prayer of the ‘imam’ is the prayer of the
‘muktadi’. And Allah Alone Knows Best.
Q-4: is ablution valid
in the towel just covring our belly til below the knee?
Although it is best and preferred that one should not be in the state of nakedness unless one has an absolute genuine need (answering the call of nature, sexual intercourse, changing one’s clothes, etc.)…..to the best of our knowledge we have not found anything in the Quran or the authentic Sunnah which declares that a ‘wudu’ done in the state of nakedness is invalid.
Abu Hurairah reported the Prophet as saying,
"Whoever touches his sexual organ without any covering (between them) must
Related by Ahmad, Ibn Hibban and al-Hakim.
Thus if perchance one were to perform one’s wudu covering
only the body parts from their navel to their knees, or even if in the state of
nakedness, provided one does not touch one’s private parts with their bare
hands….their wudu will be considered valid in the Sight of Shariah; for it is
not the exposing of one’s private parts which invalidate one’s ‘wudu’, but it
is its touching with one’s bare hands which does indeed invalidate the ‘wudu’.
Q-5: i want to present
islam to one of my freind, how should i start? plz recommend any book, any
Allah says in the Holy Quran: Chapter 16, Surah An-Nahl Ayat 125:
Invite to the way of your Lord with
wisdom and excellent admonition and argue with people in the best manner. Your
Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Way and who is Rightly guided.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 103 Surah
Al-Asr verses 1-3:
1 By (the Token of) time.
2 Verily Man is in loss.
3 Except such as have (1) Faith, and (2) do righteous deeds; and (3)
exhort each other in the mutual teaching of Truth, and (4) exhort each
other towards Patience and Constancy.
Dear and Beloved Brother in Islam, May Allah Subhanah
increase your love for the deen and give you the courage, wisdom, and ability
to fulfill the obligatory duty of the propagation of His Truth which He has
laid upon His believing slaves.
Every believer is a ‘walking-talking’ dai or propagator of
the Truth. The way a believer adorns
himself, the way a believer behaves, the way a believer treats his fellow man,
the way a believer treats his colleagues, the way a believer deals with others,
his/her morals, his/her character, his/her every statement and every deed can
and does influence the thinking of all those who meet or associate with
Thus the absolutely most effective way to propagate the
Truth of the Lord is to first and foremost, implement the dictates of the deen
on oneself in every aspect of one’s life; and secondly, whenever you meet or
associate with one who does not believe, strive with wisdom, politeness, and in
the absolute best manner and with sincere desire to wish well for their
disbelieving brethren …..to strike a conversation with them which would result
in inviting the person towards the understanding of this beautiful ‘way of
life’ called Al-Islam.
Then depending on how much time you have the attention of
the person, strive with wisdom to invite them to understand the whole of the
deen, or even an aspect of it. For
example, if one were to meet someone momentarily during a bus or train or plane
journey, it would not be wisdom to explain the whole deen in the short span of
the journey; but rather an aspect of the deen which would instigate his heart
would suffice. But if one were targeting
a friend, or a colleague, or a neighbor whom one meets on a regular basis, then
one has enough time and must employ a method which would result in a complete
Beloved Brother in Islam, the truth is that there are a
billion (ie. innumerable) ways which can be employed to invite someone to the
irrefutable Truth of this beautiful deen called Al-Islam; and only wisdom will
dictate which method is most suitable to strike the right cord of each
In light of the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah, and
in our own humble and insignificant experience, two ways or rules if followed,
seem to bring about the best results:
Rule-1: Never try to ridicule or abuse the self-declared
deities or gods of the disbelievers, nor try to directly challenge or prove
their beliefs as falsehood and wrong; for this challenge almost always closes the
hearts of those who believe in falsehoods and the door of their sense of
logic! Allah has bestowed every person
with intelligence, reasoning, and a sense of right and wrong, and in our humble
and truly insignificant experience, it is better to instigate the logic and
intelligence of those who don’t believe and with wisdom propagate, display, and
lay open the Truth to them and let them themselves determine the Truth from the
Rule-2: Propagate the Truth in such a way that would get
the brethren who do not believe to somehow read and understand the Glorious
Message of the Lord Creator, The Al-Quran, in a language they understand
best. Allah is our witness brother, this
Glorious Miracle of the Quran, which the Lord has revealed for the guidance of
all mankind, has a unique way of its very own; provided one is truly seeking
guidance to the Truth, and reads and understands it without any pre-conditions
or prejudice. Allah Subhanah has truly
made His Al-Quran a ‘Furqaan’ or a Criterion between the Truth and the
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah
Baqarah verse 185:
Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was sent
down: this Book is a Perfect Guidance for mankind and consists of clear
Teachings which show the
Thus in our humble opinion, if one wishes to give their
disbelieving brethren a ‘book’ to read so that they may understand Islam, there
is absolutely no ‘book’ in this world better or more effective than the Divine
and Glorious Book of Guidance, The Al-Quran!
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only
due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me
alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is
the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and
well wisher in Islam,