What to do with interest.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
would u pls clarify definition of interest
should one forego interest accrued from banks....
As some muslims forego interest accrued on their deposits from banks, well, if one forego interest earned from bank, the banks in turn avail/enjoy this sum and they will misuse the heaps of unclaimed
money, only against islam & muslims across the world, this is what happening all over.....
i understand that islam is a moderate religion, and its principles and laws logically framed, so keeping this in to consideration, whats islam stand on the same. should muslims discard banks interest, if so the same is being used against muslims/islam only...
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What to do with interest
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Your Question: would u pls clarify definition of interest
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 274-276:
But those who devour ‘riba’ become like the one whom Shaitaan has bewitched and maddened by his touch. They have been condemned to this condition because they say, “Trade is just like ‘riba”, whereas Allah has made trade halaal and ‘riba’ haraam. Henceforth, if one abstains from taking ‘riba’ after receiving this admonition from his Lord, no legal action shall be taken against him regarding the ‘riba’ he had devoured before: his case shall ultimately go to Allah. But if one repeats the same crime even after this, he shall go to Hell, where he shall abide for ever! Allah deprives ‘riba’ of all blessing and develops charity, and Allah does not like an ungrateful, sinful person.
Allah says further in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 278:
O Believers!, fear Allah and give up that ‘riba’ which is still due to you, if you are true believers. But if you do not do so, then you are warned of the declaration of war against you by Allah and His Messenger!
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisa verse 161:
That they took ‘riba’, although they were forbidden. And that they devoured men’s substance wrongfully. We have prepared for those among them who reject faith a grievous punishment (of Hell Fire)!
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 3 Surah Ale-Imraan verses 130-132:
130 O ye who believe! Devour not ‘riba’ doubled and multiplied; but fear Allah; that ye may (really) prosper.
131 Fear the Fire which is prepared for those who reject faith.
132 And obey Allah and the Messenger; that ye may obtain mercy.
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 2829 Narrated by Ali ibn AbuTalib
Ali said he heard Allah's Messenger (saws) invoke the curse of Allah on those who took usury, those who paid it, those who recorded it, and those who refused to give sadaqah.
Dear and beloved brother in Islam, Allah and His Messenger (saws) have declared every aspect and every manifestation of the abomination of ‘riba’ (usury, interest, etc.) as absolutely forbidden for the believers who sincerely fear Allah and the Last Day; thus let no one convince you otherwise!!!
Although some ignorant people have tried to translate ‘riba’ as ‘usury’ or excessive interest, we assure you in the Blessed Name of Allah Subhanah brother, every single aspect or manifestation of the evil of ‘riba’….be it interest or usury, etc…..every single manifestation of the abomination of ‘riba’ is absolutely and catergorically forbidden for the believers, and a grave sin in the Sight of Allah Subhanah.
Your Statement: i understand that islam is a moderate religion, and its principles and laws logically framed…
Indeed brother, the deen and approved ‘way of life’ called Al-Islam is indeed an extremely moderate religion, and without an iota of a doubt, every single principle and every single law without exception is based on the Perfect and Absolute Wisdom and Knowledge of Allah Subhanah, the Lord and Creator of everything in existence.
Allah Subhanah has allowed, permitted, and made lawful for the believers in moderation an unimaginable multitude of things …..but based on the Lord Most Majestic’s Perfect Wisdom and Absolute Knowledge, He Himself has Declared an absolute ‘zero-tolerance’ on a handful of things…..like ‘shirk’, disbelief, ‘fahisha’ or indecency, oppression, injustice, etc. One amongst the acts and things which the Lord Most Majestic has Prescribed and Declared absolute ‘zero-tolerance’ in Shariah is the indulgence and consumption of the evil abomination of ‘riba’ (usury, interest, etc.)
…..should one forego interest accrued from banks....
Allah and His Messenger (saws) have indeed declared the receiving and paying of ‘riba’ (usury, interest, etc.) as absolutely Haraam and prohibited for the believers in very strong terms, and it is the prescribed duty of every believer, who sincerely believes in Allah and the Last Day, to abstain from dealing in any and every manifestation of ‘riba’.
My beloved brother in Islam, first and foremost one who believes in Allah and the Last Day, must fear the Wrath and Chastisement of their Lord, and immediately abstain and stop taking any interest.
It is not as if it is deemed permissible in Islam for one to continue taking interest as long as one intends to spend it on charity; for Allah does not accept anything in His Cause unless and until it is pure and lawful.
Sahih Muslim Hadith 2214 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
Allah's Messenger (saws) said: ‘O people, Allah is Good and He, therefore, accepts only that which is good!’
Now the question arises what should one do with the interest money one has already accumulated in the past in ignorance of the Laws of Allah?
For the unlawful ‘interest’ money that one has accumulated in one’s past in ignorance of Allah’s Laws, the person has two choices:
- One may leave it in the bank.
- Or, one may take it and dispose it.
Some scholars are of the opinion that it does not help the cause of the believers to leave the interest in conventional banks for at best it helps them to generate more interest, and at worst, they may dispose it to an institution which might work against the Cause. In cases where one has already accumulated interest money in ignorance of Islamic Law, and Allah Subhanah has guided them, and they now wish to dispose off that illegal money, the scholars are of the opinion that one may take this interest with the intention that he wants to rid himself of this evil thing, and give it away to some charity without seeking any reward from Allah Subhanah for this spending. His only intention should be to get rid of this unwanted and illegal money, and thus purify himself from the evil of ‘riba’. The believer who does this only because he fears the accounting of Allah on an Inevitable Day, will, if Allah Wills, be rewarded for keeping himself pure from the evils of ‘riba’.
The spending of illegally and unlawfully earned wealth does not have any worth in the Sight of Allah; for Allah is Good and Pure, and He accepts only what is good and pure.
The issue with the illegally and unlawfully accumulated money is not how best to spend it, but how soon can one rid himself of this illegal and unlawful wealth. His only intention in giving this money away should be to purify oneself and get rid of the evil that is with him. This illegal and unlawful money earned from interest can be compared to a burning coal in one’s hand! When one unintentionally and accidentally holds a burning coal, his only intention is to get rid of the burning coal from his hand; not where best to place it so that it can be of some benefit!
But if one, for whatever reason, continues to indulge in the consuming of ‘riba’ (interest, usury, etc.) knowing that its consumption is absolutely prohibited and declared ‘haraam’ in Shariah Law, then they are warned of a ‘Declaration of War’ against them by Allah and His Messenger (saws)!
If one trusts, obeys, and follows the guidance and commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be assured of never ever being misled; but if one believes, obeys and follows any other guidance, other than that of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be assured of being led astray.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,