Can we give Zakat to our blood relative ?
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa
Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked
you will have a good Ramadan .I have a little confusion about some matter of
Zakat ,can you please help me for this?
Can we give Zakat to
our blood relative ? Espcially those who are able to maitain their life expect
the accessories of life which we all believe now a days important .
I always give Zakat
Allamdulliah from my pocket money but this year for some reason my husband stop
giving me pocket money .He gave Zakat from my Haq Mehar as he thought that
Zakat can only give by the person who will have to pay .My question to him is
that I am not earrning as I am taking care of Kids (which is very mean to me)
.Also if you will pay my all Mehar in Zakat then what will you do when it will
be finished .He said that then I have to sell the Gold and will pay by it .I
have no objection by giving any money ,gold in the path of Allah espcially when
it is Farz .But my question is that how a non earrning house wife can pay Zakat
when she isnt working or having any single penny in pocket Also Do I have to
sell my gold next year for pay my Zakat or my husband should pay as he is good
earrning man .
you ,Jazakallah Khair!
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Q-1: Can we give
Zakat to our blood relative ? Espcially those who are able to maitain their
life expect the accessories of life which we all believe now a days important .
It is not permissible for one to distribute ‘zakah’ dues
to those blood-relatives whose financial obligations and upkeep is their
responsibility in Shariah….for example one cannot give from one zakah dues to
one’s parents, one’s wives, one’s children, etc.
But if the blood-relative is not amongst those whose financial upkeep is one’s responsibility like ones adult brothers and sisters, one’s aunts and uncles, one’s cousins, etc….then such blood-relatives, if they are needy or are not able to meet their expenses, have the absolute first right that zakah be distributed to them.
The Messenger of Allah (saws) said that those who have the
biggest right that ‘zakah’ or ‘sadaqah’ should be spent on them are the near
relatives; and one who spends of their ‘zakah’ or ‘sadaqah’ dues on their
relatives will have a double reward from their Lord! One reward for fulfilling their ‘zakah’
obligations, and another reward for helping their relatives.
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 1939 Narrated by Sulayman ibn Amir
Allah's Messenger (saws) said, "Charity
given to a poor man is just charity, but when given to a relative it serves a
double purpose, being both charity and a connecting link."
Your Question: But
my question is that how a non earrning house wife can pay Zakat when she isnt
working or having any single penny in pocket
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 3.8
Who is Obliged to Pay Zakah
Zakah must be paid by every Muslim who has a
nisab (wealth in excess of approximately US$1,000.00) , which is the minimum of
one's holdings liable to zakah. The nisab is conditioned by the following:
1. Zakah should be paid on any amount of
money remaining after meeting the expenses for such necessities as food,
clothes, housing, vehicles and craft machines.
2. A complete year of Islamic calendar
should pass, starting from the very day of the nisab's possession, without any
decrease during the year. In case of its decrease (being less than nisab), the
year count (hawl;) starts from the day of the nisab completion.
Commenting on the issue, Imam an-Nawawi said:
"In our view and the views of Malik, Ahmad, and the majority of scholars,
the amount of property liable for payment of zakah, such as gold, silver, or
cattle, is tied to the completion of nisab through the turn of a whole year. If
the nisab decreases in any time of the year, [the counting of] the year
discontinues. Later, if the nisab is completed, the year count is resumed from
the time of its completion."
Beloved Sister, if the total worth or value of your own
personal assets is more than the minimum ‘nisaab’ of approximately US$1,000.00,
then you are liable to pay zakah on your wealth, regardless of whether you are
earning any money or not.
The ‘mehr’ which you received in your marriage is your own
personal wealth; thus you can pay your annual zakah from your ‘mehr’ amount for
the wealth (or jewelry) that belongs to you alone.
Your Question: Also
Do I have to sell my gold next year for pay my Zakat or my husband should pay
as he is good earrning man .
For the jewelry or gold that belongs to you, you alone are
liable and responsible to fulfill its annual zakah obligations. If you do not possess the cash to pay the
annual zakah of the jewelry or gold or other assets which belong to you personally,
then indeed you would be required to sell a part of your assets and fulfill the
obligatory annual zakah dues.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 1558 Narrated by Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As
A woman came to the Messenger of Allah (saws)
and she was accompanied by her daughter who wore two heavy gold bangles in her
hands. He (saws) said to her: ‘Do you pay zakat on them?’ She said: ‘No.’ He
(saws) then said: ‘Are you pleased that Allah may put two bangles of Fire on
your hands?’ Thereupon she took them off and placed them before the Prophet (saws)
saying: ‘They are for Allah and His Messenger (saws) (to distribute in zakah)’
Dear and beloved sister, if the gold or the jewelry belong
to you, then you alone are responsible for the fulfillment of its annual
zakah. But if your husband, of his own
will, takes the responsibility for paying the zakah on the gold or jewelry or
assets which belong to you….there is absolutely no harm and is absolutely
acceptable in Shariah. But if your
husband refuses to pay the zakah dues on your gold or assets, then you alone
will be liable and responsible to fulfill its annual zakah.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to
Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only
Source of Strength.
Your brother and
well wisher in Islam,