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in which method we learn...

in which method we learn namaz

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

ass salam alikum wa rahemat ullahe barkadhu ,


dear,
brother,
my question is . how we learn namaz


in which method we learn namaz

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

Answer:

Method of prayer

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person,  no grave, no prophet,  no imam,  no dai,  nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 33 Surah Ahzab verse 21:

There is indeed the best example for you to follow in the Messenger of Allah, for every such person looks forward to Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much.

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.604         Narrated by Malik

The Prophet (saws) said:  "Pray as you have seen me pray.”

Dear and beloved brother in Islam, the act of prayer is one rite of worship which the Messenger of Allah (saws) performed tens of thousands of times in public and in congregation, and he (saws) commanded the believers to pray as they have seen him (saws) offering his prayers.  Thus there is absolutely no difference of opinion in any of the schools of thought regarding the basics or obligatory acts of the rites of prayers in Islam as offered by the Messenger of Allah (saws).

Given below is a short and concise description of the prayers as prayed by the Messenger of Allah (saws):  

1. INTENTION AND TAKBIR

To make intention in your heart regarding the prayer you are about to make.   Then raise your hands to your ears and say “Allah o Akbar” meaning Allah is the Greatest,  signaling the start of Prayer.

2. QIYAM or Standing

Pray the Surah Al Fateha and any other aayahs from the Quran.  (minimum 3 aayahs) 

3.   RUKU or bowing

The Prophet (saws) used to say:  “Subhan Allah il Adheem”  meaning Glory be to Allah, the Most Great 3 times or more (but preferably in odd number formations,  3,5,7,9….)

4. STANDING UP FROM RUKU

The Prophet (saws) used to say:  “Sameh Allah ho Leman Hameda” meaning Allah listen to the one who is grateful (for the bounties received by Allah).

In reply the noble companions in the congregation used to say: “Rabbana lakal hamd” meaning O our Lord,  we are grateful to you.

5. SAJDAH

The Prophet (saws) used to pray: “Subhana Rabb eil A’ala”  meaning Glory be to Allah,  the Most High. (3 times or more in odd number formation 3,5,7,9…)

6. SITTING BETWEEN TWO SAJDAHS

(This can be used to invoke any prayer to Allah.)

At times the Prophet (saws) used to make this supplication: ‘Allah hum mag firli wale waale dayya, wal lil mu’minina,  wal mu’minate,  wal muslemeena,  wal muslemaate,   hayy  min hum wala hum amwaat.’

O Allah,  forgive me,  my parents,  the true believing men,  the true believing women,  the believing men,  the believing women,  whether alive from amongst them,  or those that have died. (We beg You to forgive them all)

7. TASHAHUD

At tahiya  tu lillahe  was salawaato,  wat tayyebato  lillahe.

Every kind of salutes,  all kinds of prayers,  and all kinds of good and pure words and things, are for Allah Alone.

As Salaam alieka ya ayyo han nabi o,  wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

(Allah told the Prophet(saws) these words on the Night of Mairaaj in His audience):  May  Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon you,   O Prophet (saws)

As Salaam o alayna wa a’la ibaa dallah hiss saleheen.

(The Prophet(saws) replied,  as Allah Himself is the source of All Peace,  and the Prophet (saws) could not possibly send Peace upon Allah):  May Peace be upon me (saws),  and the good, obedient  or pious slaves of Allah.

Ash hado ann laa ilaha illallah,  wahdahu,  laa sharika lahuu,

(The Prophet(saws) said to Allah in audience): I bear witness that there is no god, except Allah,  Alone,  He has no partners.

Wa ash hado anna Mohamed dan abdullahi wa Rasul Allah.

(And Allah replied): And I bear witness that (you, O) Mohamed,  are the slave and Messenger of Allah

Allah humma salle a’la Mohamed din wa aa’le Mohamed,  kama sallayta a’la Ibrahim wa ala  aa’le Ibrahim

May Allah’s blessings be upon Mohamed (saws),  and his ummah (or family or both),  just like the blessing of Allah on Ibrahim and his ummah (or family or both)

Innaka  Hameed un Majeed

For You are the All-Praiseworthy,  the Glorious One.

Allah humma barik a’la Mohamed din wa aa’le Mohamed,  kama barakta a’la Ibrahim wa ala aa’le Ibrahim

May Allah’s baraka be upon Mohamed (saws) and his ummah (or family or both) just like the baraka of Allah on Ibrahim and his ummah (or family or both)

Innaka Hameed un Majeed.

For You are the All-Praiseworthy,  the Glorious One.

(Any Invocation to Allah)

Allah hum mag firli wale waaledayya war hum homa kama rabba yani saghira

O Allah,  forgive me,  and my parents,  and have mercy upon them both,  just as they had mercy on me when I was an infant.

8. TASLEEM to signal the end of prayer.

After completion of the ‘tashahud’, the Prophet (saws) would end his prayer by first turning his face towards his right and then left by saying: ‘As Salaam-o-alaykum wa Rahmatullah’ meaning ‘May Peace be upon you and the Mercy of Allah’.

The above is a short and concise description of the prayers as prayed by the Messenger of Allah (saws).   If you have any further questions or need any clarifications whatsoever,  you could ask any good scholar or the Imam of your local mosque, or alternatively you could write to us and we will try to answer them to the best of our abilities in light of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws), Insha Allah.

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

Burhan