He died and left behind a wife, four sons and four daughters

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One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
If a person dies and leaves behind four daughters, four sons and a wife, and he leaves for example 120,000 dirhams, how should his estate be divided? .
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Praise be to Allaah.

The division in this case is one of the issues of al-faraa’id (division of inheritance) which is governed by two verses in the Book of Allaah: 

1 – The verse in which Allaah states the inheritance of the wife (interpretation of the meaning): 

“but if you leave a child, they get an eighth of that which you leave”

[al-Nisa’ 4:12]

This verse allocates to the wife one-eighth of the estate if there is a son of the husband. 

2 – The verse in which Allaah states the inheritance of the children if there are both males and females (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Allaah commands you as regards your children’s (inheritance): to the male, a portion equal to that of two females”

[al-Nisa’ 4:11].

Based on this, the estate is to be divided as follows: 

1 – The wife gets one-eight of the estate. 

2 – The rest is given to the sons and daughters, with the male getting a share equal to that of two females. 

Dividing an estate of 120,000 dirhams is done in the following manner:


Basic division of shares

Units for working out amount of shares

Division of the estate








4 sons




4 daughters

(included with sons’ shares)



 The value of one unit is: 120,000 divided by 96 = 1250 dirhams. 

The wife’s share of the estate is 12 x 1250 = 15,000 dirhams. 

The share of all the sons is 56 x 1250 = 70,000 dirhams. 

The share of one son is 70,000 divided by 4 = 17,500 dirhams. 

The share of all the daughters is 28 x 1250 = 35,000 dirhams. 

The share of one daughter is 35,000 divided by 4 = 8750 dirhams. 

And Allaah knows best.

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah's Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

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