Giving a loan with a penalty clause

Dear Brothers & Sisters,
As-Salaamu-Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
My sister works in the Iraqi Central Bank (Mosul branch) and there is an interest-free loan that is given exclusively to them (bank workers) for the purpose of buying a house, but the contract contains a clause which refers to the borrower paying back the loan plus interest in particular circumstances, so as to prevent the loan being used for any purpose other than buying a house. I will quote the clause in question here:
“The loan becomes due immediately, with any interest accrued, and must be paid by the borrower or his guarantor, on the basis that it is a government loan, in accordance with the law on collecting government loans, no. (xx), year (xx), in the following situations:
1. If the borrower resigns or gives up his job for any reason, or if he is in an accident, before presenting the title deeds.
2. If the loan given is not used for its stated purpose in accordance with the conditions set out in this contract (which is that it is to be used to buy a house only, and this house is to be mortgaged as security for the loan with the land registry department.
3. If the borrower does not produce the title deed within four months from the date of signing the contract, provided that it shows his name only.
4. The borrower is required to give another guarantor in the event that the first guarantor becomes unacceptable for some legal reason, within one month from the request by the lender (the Iraqi Central Bank).
My question is:
Does this loan become impermissible because of a penalty clause that requires interest to be paid in the event that these conditions are not met, or not?
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
Check below answers in case you are looking for other related questions:


Praise be to Allah.

The penalty clause mentioned in this contract requires repayment of the loan plus any interest accrued. Such a condition renders the entire contract invalid and haraam. 

Any loan that includes a condition stipulating that something additional to the amount loaned be paid under any circumstances is a riba-based (usurious) loan, and it is not permissible to go ahead with it or enter into it. 

Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

Any additional amount of the same item or substance, or benefits stipulated by the lender to the borrower, constitutes riba (usury), and there is no difference of scholarly opinion on that.

End quote from al-Istidhkaar, 6/516 

In a statement issued by the Islamic Fiqh Council of the Muslim World League, it says: If the lender stipulates or requires the borrower to pay a certain amount of money as a specific penalty and at a particular rate in the event of payments being made after the time agreed upon, then this is an invalid condition which should not be fulfilled. In fact it is not permissible, whether the one who stipulates this condition is the bank or otherwise, because this is the exact type of riba that was known during the Jaahiliyyah, concerning which Qur’an was revealed prohibiting it.

End quote from Qaraaraat al-Majma‘ al-Fiqhi, p. 266 

It is not permissible to enter into any contract that stipulates a usurious condition, even if the borrower is determined to adhere to the conditions mentioned and not pay any interest. 

For more information, please see the answers to questions no. 112090, 98118, 103416 

And Allah knows best.

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah's Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

Related Answers:

Recommended answers for you: