Witr one or three rakah.
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Witr one or three rakah
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Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.13
It is permissible to perform the witr prayers by praying two rak'at combinations[and concluding each of them with a tashahud and the tasleems] and then praying one rak'ah with a tashahud and taslim. Likewise, it is allowed to pray all the rak'at with two tashahuds and one taslim. One may pray an even number of rak'ats, one after another, without making any tashahud, save in the one before the last rak'ah in which case one makes the tashahud and then stands to perform the last rak'ah wherein one will make another tashahud and end the prayer with the taslim. One may also make only one tashahud and the taslim, in the last rak'ah of witr. All of that is permissible and can be traced to the Prophet (saws).
Al-Bukhari and Muslim quote 'Aishah saying that the Prophet (saws) would perform thirteen rak'at during the night and would make the witr prayer, and he would not 'sit' except in the last rak'ah of them. In another hadith, 'Aishah reports that the Prophet (saws) would perform nine rak'at during the night and that he would not sit during them until the eighth rak'ah in which he would make remembrance of Allah, praising Him, and would make supplication. Then, he would stand without making the taslim and pray the ninth rak'ah, after which he would sit, make the tashahud and make the taslim in such a manner that we could hear him.
The Prophet (saws) said: 'The night prayer is sets of two rak'at. If one fears the coming of the dawn, he should perform one rak'ah, thereby making all of them odd [witr].'
Since the number of rakahs of the voluntary night prayers are not specified, one may pray as many rakahs as is easy for him, either in a two rakah combination with a tashahud and tasleem for each, or all of them together with only a tashahud at the end of the prayer with no tasleem; then end these voluntary night prayers with one rakah of witr with a tashahud and tasleems thus making all of them ‘witr’ or an odd number. The Messenger of Allah (saws) prayed the night voluntary prayers in both ways, thus if one follows any one of the ways one would be in accordance with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws).
Question: I m from
Respected brother, there is evidence in the authentic and established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) whereby he (saws) offered the ‘qiyam-ul-layl’ or night prayers in sets of two-rakah combinations with a ‘tashahud’ and ‘tasleems’ for each set; and concluded his (saws) night prayers with a one-rakah ‘witr’ prayer…..and there is also evidence in the Sunnah that the Messenger of Allah (saws) at times would offer an even number of rakahs, then offer the ‘tashahud’, then offer one more rakah of ‘witr’, then recite the ‘tashahud’ and the ‘tasleems’ to end the prayer.
The Messenger of Allah (saws) prayed the night voluntary prayers and the ‘witr’ in both ways, thus if one follows any one of the ways one would be in accordance with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws), Insha Allah.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,