Forgot to say bismillah before wudu in past.
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Ablution SAYING BISMILLAH BEFORE WUDHU
Rasoolullah (Sallailaahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: "One who does not say Bismillah before wudhu, his wudhu is incomplete." (Tirmizi). It is reported from Sayyidina Abu Hurairah (RA) that anyone who does not say Bismillah before wudhu, only the sins committed by the limbs which are washed in wudhu will be washed away; and one who says Bismillah before wudhu, the sins of the entire body will be washed away. (Mishkaat)
If one was ignorant of this hadeeth for nearly two years or more, and then realizes that bismillah is necessary for Wudu, what should one do? Is repentence going validate the Wudu, or is one required to offer Nafl prayers as compensation?
Jazak Allah Khair.
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Forgot to say bismillah before wudu in past
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Time and time again the Messenger of Allah (saws) commanded, guided, and exhorted the believers to start any good deed by declaring Bismillah (In the Name of Allah).
There is a difference of opinion amongst the scholars and jurists in Islam whether the declaring of Bismillah at the beginning of the wudu is a preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) or a pre-condition of the act of wudu.
Although few scholars have voiced their opinion that not declaring Bismillah at the beginning of the wudu would invalidate the wudu, the absolute majority of the scholars and the jurists in Islam have not agreed with this opinion.
The absolute majority of the scholars and jurists in Islam are of the opinion that the declaration of Bismillah is an extremely preferred Sunnah and Guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws), but not an obligatory act or rite of wudu. Thus in their opinion, if one perchance forgets to declare Bismillah before they start their wudu, their wudu will be considered valid, but its rewards would be diminished compared to the one who declared Bismillah. And Allah Alone Knows Best.
Your Question: .If one was ignorant of this hadeeth for nearly two years or more, and then realizes that bismillah is necessary for Wudu, what should one do?
If one who was ignorant of the guidance, did not declare Bismillah before they initiated the rites of wudu, their wudu would be considered validand it is expected that they will find their Lord Forgiving and Merciful. But in the future they should strive their utmost and make it a habit to declare Bismillah when starting their wudu and every good lawful deed.for that then would be in accordance with the Guidance and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws).
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,