Was tajweed present in time of prophet(saws) companions.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
what is he history of tajweed ilm. what is its evidence. how did tajweed ilm reached us
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Was tajweed present in time of prophet(saws) companions
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 73 Surah Muzzammil verse 4 (part):
4 .. and recite the Qur'an in slow measured rhythmic tones.
Abu Dawood relates on the authority of Hadrat Saad ibn Abu Waqqas (r.a.) that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said He who does not chant the Quran is not one of us and the Prophet (saws) also said: "Beautify your voices with the Quran; and "The one with the best voice with the Quran is the one that when you hear him, you feel that he fears Allah"; and "Allah Subhanah never listened to anything like He listened to his Prophet chanting the Quran with a beautiful voice."
Respected brother in Islam, although the Lord Most Exalted had Guided and Commanded the Prophet (saws) and the believers to recite His Glorious Quran in slow measured rhythmic tones, and time and time again the Messenger of Allah (saws) had guided the believers to chant the Glorious Quran in as beautiful a manner and voice as they possibly couldthe ilm or the laws of the science of tajweed as we know them today were not present during the times of the Prophet (saws) or the companions. Although it cannot be verified, some records state that the laws and the science of tajweed were formulated almost 200 years after the Hirah; and Allah Alone Knows Best.
Because the Glorious Quran was revealed in the dialect and the language of the Arabs, the Prophet (saws) and his noble companions were obviously well aware of the nuances of the Arabic language and there was absolutely no issue amongst them regarding the exact pronunciation and the makhraj (exit) of the specific sound of each and every alphabet of their language. It was only later when the Truth of Islam spread to nations of foreign languages that the need arose to create the science and the laws of tajweed so that the absolute best makhraj and pronunciation of the recitation of the text were preserved.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,