Two adhaans before jumuah friday.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
jazakallah and thanks for all the answers.
Pls. explain why there is 2 adhan during midday before jumma prayer?
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Two adhaans before jumuah friday
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Your Question: pls. explain why there is 2 adhan during midday before jumma prayer?
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 62 Surah Jumuah verse 9:
9 O ye who believe! When the call (adhaan) is proclaimed to prayer on Jumuah (Friday mid-day or the Day of Assembly) hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allah and leave off business: that is best for you if ye but knew!
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.51 Narrated by Abu Huraira
The Prophet (saws) said, "When it is Jumuah, the Angels stand at the gate of the masjid and keep on writing the names of the persons coming to the masjid in succession according to their arrivals. The example of the one who enters the masjid in the earliest hour is that of one offering a camel (in sacrifice); the one coming next is like one offering a cow; and then a ram; and then a chicken; and then an egg respectively. When the Imam comes out (for Jumuah sermon) they (i.e. Angels) fold their papers and listen to the sermon."
The basic wisdom behind the adhaan or the call to prayer is to announce to the believers that the time of prayer is due and the believing males should prepare to make their way unto the dedicated Houses of worship of Allah or the masjids.
During the times of the Messenger of Allah (saws) the believers were gathered in a relatively small community, and unlike the other prayers when there was a little time given between the declaration of the adhaan and the iqamah for prayer to allow the believers to prepare themselves for prayer, on the Day of Jumuah the Messenger of Allah (saws) would start his sermon immediately after the declaration of the adhaan. But because the believers were gathered in a relatively small community at the time of the Messenger of Allah (saws), the declaration of only one adhaan during Jumuah served the purpose of reminding the believers in the community that the time of Jumuah was due.
As the multitude and the magnitude of the believers grew after the death of the Messenger of Allah (saws), to make doubly and absolutely sure that every believing male was able to prepare for prayer make his way to the masjid before the Imam started his sermon, Hadrat Uthmaan (r.a.) during his reign recommended that two sets of adhaan be declared on the Day of Jumuah..and that tradition of declaring two sets of adhaan on the Day of Jumuah has been honored by the believers since that time.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4590 Narrated by Irbad ibn Sariyah
One day the Messenger of Allah (saws) led us in prayer, then faced us and gave us a lengthy exhortation at which the eyes shed tears and the hearts were afraid. A man said: O Messenger of Allah (saws)! It seems as if it were a farewell exhortation, so what injunction do you give us? He (saws) then said: I enjoin you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if it be an Abyssinian slave, for those of you who live after me will see great disagreement. You must then follow my Sunnah and that of the Rightly-Guided Khalifas (after me).
Some people have argued that since the declaration of the second adhaan was added to the Day of Jumuah only after the death of the Messenger of Allah (saws), thus it is an innovation or bidabut in light of the above quoted authentic tradition, the believers were guided and commanded by the Messenger of Allah (saws) Himself to follow his (saws) Sunnah as well as the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided Khalifahs. And Allah Alone Knows Best.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,