I would like to know whether Zakat has to given only where a person resides like me and my family in germany.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
would like to know whether Zakat has to given only where a person resides like
me and my family in
how should we calculate the exact zakat and fitra?
please reply back at the earliest.
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Where to fulfill zakah
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Your Qeustion: I would like to know whether Zakat has to given only where a person resides
There is absolutely no such restriction or obligation in Shariah that one must pay their zakah dues in the place or state they reside.one is at absolute liberty to spend of their obligatory zakah dues wherever it is easy or convenient for them.
Question: Should we make the zakat only in
Respected brother, you are at absolutely liberty to spend your zakah dues in the place you reside, if you wish to do so; or send the dues to your contact overseas and instruct them to distribute your zakah; or if you so wish, you may delay the distribution of your zakah dues for a short period to enable you to distribute it yourself. All of the above listed three options are absolutely lawful and permissible.
Your Question: how should we calculate the exact zakat and fitra?
Ref: Determination of fitra or more accurately zakat-ul-fitr
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.579
Allah's Messenger (saws) enjoined the payment of one Sa' of dates or one Sa' of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr on every Muslim, slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he (saws) ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the EId-ul-Fitr prayer.
Al-Bukhari and Muslim relate that: "The Prophet (saws) enjoined the payment of one sa' of dates or one sa' of barley as zakat ul-fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave."
Al-Baihaqi and ad-Daraqutni relate: "The Messenger of Allah (saws) enjoined the zakat ul-fitr, and also said: 'Free them (the poor) from want on this day.'"
If is preferable (and some scholars say mandatory) to give the zakat-ul-fitr as food to the poor and needy believers of the society. But if one is not able to personally give out the food as zakat-ul-fitr, it is permissible to give the equivalent amount to an organization who collects the zakat-ul-fitr; and they in turn will purchase the food on your behalf and give it to the poor and needy believers.
One Saa' is equal to four (4) Mudd, and one (1) Mudd is equal to the amount held by cupping the two hands together. It is a measure by volume not by weight. The amount would obviously differ if we compare the value of one saa' of dates to one saa' of barley, for example: a saa' of barley is approximately $2.00, while a saa' of dates ranges -according to quality from $1.50 - $60.00!; the majority of the scholars in Islam are of the opinion that the minimum amount per person as zakat-ul-fitr in this day and age is about $2.50.
Zakat ul-fitr was made obligatory in the month of Sha'ban in the second year of the Hijrah by the Messenger of Allah (saws). Its purpose is to purify one who fasts from any indecent act, or speech, and to help the poor and needy. This view is based upon the hadith reported by Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, and ad-Daraqutni from Ibn 'Abbas. The Messenger of Allah (saws) enjoined ,zakat ul-fitr, on the one who fasts to shield one's self from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the needy. It is accepted as zakah, for the person who pays it before the Eid salah, and it is sadaqah for the one who pays it after the salah.
Ref: Determination of annual zakah
If the total net worth of any believer (man, woman, or child) is more than the prescribed nisaab of 7.5 tolas of gold (app. 85 grams or app. Value US$2,100.00), then the person is liable to pay the obligatory annual zakah of 2.5% on their excess wealth which has been in their possession for a full calendar year.
If the total net worth of any believer is less than the prescribed nisaab, he/she is not liable to pay any zakah until their net worth exceeds the prescribed nisaab.
For the purpose of determining zakah, the Net Excess Assets would be the current market value of all of ones assets (properties, investments, jewelry, cash, etc.) except:
- the value of the house one owns and actually lives in
- the value of the car/vehicle one uses on a regular basis
- the value of the furniture and fixtures one uses on a regular basis.
Thus zakah is determined as 2.50% of ones net excess assets: ie. Ones total assets, less ones liabilities, less the value of ones house, less the value of ones car, less the value of ones furniture and fixtures.
For example say:
- ones total assets (properties, investments, jewelry, cash, etc.) is valued at $50,000.00.
- one has a debt or liability of $5,000.00
- The house one owns and lives in is worth $10,000.00.
- The car one drives on a regular basis is worth $2,000.00.
- The furniture and fixture one uses on a regular basis is worth $500.00.
Thus the net excess wealth of this person will be (50,000 5,000 10,000 2,000 500) $32,500 and his zakah for the current year will be 2.50% or $812.50.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,