Exact time for tahajjud.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I have read your answers for the questions I have asked, thanks, but I was not completely satisfied. And I still wanted to know some in details. I know that Tahajjud is performed in the later 3rd part of the nite.. but what time will it be? Actual timings are what. I just wanted to confirm that.
And also can we pray in the dark.
Please let me know the answers to the questions above.
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Exact time for tahajjud
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
It is best to delay the tahajjud or late night prayer to the last third portion of the night. Abu Hurairah reports that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: "Our Lord Descends to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, inquiring: 'Who will call on Me so that I may respond to him? Who is asking something of Me so I may give it to him? Who is asking for My forgiveness so I may forgive him?"'
Related by Bukhari and Muslim.
Amr ibn Abasah reports that he heard the Prophet (saws) say: "The closest that a slave comes to his Lord is during the middle of the latter portion of the night. If you can be among those who remember Allah, the Exalted One, at that time, then do so."
Related by al-Hakim, at-Tirmidhi,Nasa'i and Ibn Khuzaimah.
Abu Muslim asked Hadrat Abu Dharr Ghaffari (r.a.): "Which late-night prayer is the best?" He said: "I asked the Messenger of Allah (saws) the same that you asked me and he (saws) said, 'The (one done during) middle of the latter half of the night, and very few do it.'"
Related by Ahmad.
Abdullah ibn 'Amr reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "The most beloved fast to Allah is the fast of (Prophet) Dawood (a.s.). And the most beloved prayer to Allah is the prayer of (Prophet) Dawood (a.s.). He (Prophet Dawood (a.s.)) would sleep half of the night and then pray during the next third of the night and then sleep during the last sixth of the night. And he would fast one day and not fast the next."
Related by Bukhari and Muslim.
If one could divide ones night hours into six equal parts, then the absolute best time to offer ones voluntary tahajjud prayer would be the time of the fifth of the six portions. If one is unable to offer their tahajjud prayers at this best and most opportune time for any reason, the absolute majority of the scholars and jurists in Islam are of the opinion that if one strives to offer their tahajjud prayers at any time between the end of the isha prayers and before the call of the fajr prayers, they would receive their appropriate and due reward from their Lord for their striving.
Your Question: .. but what time will it be? Actual timings are what.
Respected brother, because the sun sets and rises at different times, it would obviously be almost impossible for us to give you one exact clock time as the most opportune time to offer ones tahajjud prayers!
Lets just say that at a particular day in the place you reside, the time between the setting of the sun Magrib and dawn is 12 hours (18:00pm to 06:00am). If one divides the night into six portions of two hours each, the most opportune time to offer ones optional tahajjud prayers would be between the 5th and the 6th portion of the night, or in this particular instance, between 02:00am and 04:00am.
Your Question: And also can we pray in the dark.
If for any reason one wishes to offer their prayers in the dark, there is absolutely no harm.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,