If God knows everything better than anyone else, is wiser than all his creation and his prophets, why would he need anyone`s opinion?
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
A Non-muslim asked this question about interscession
Q-1: Explain logically why an all knowing, all wise God needs intercession by his creatures. Is there anything that God does not know that the intercessor can inform him? The philosophy of intercession denies not only the omniscience of God but also his mercy and fairness. It concept on intercession implies that Muhammad (PBUH) and "those to whom permission is given" know things that Allah does not know, or that they are more forgiving and merciful that him.
Q-2: If God knows everything better than anyone else, is wiser than all his creation and his prophets, why would he need anyone`s opinion? Doesn't this imply that Muhammad (PBUH) knows something about humans that Allah does not know?
Q-3 : According to Islam, Allah is perfect while Muhammad (PBUH) and Muslims are not. Will you please explain why a perfect being would listen to the opinions of imperfect creatures? If the claim that Allah knows best is true, then intercession by creatures who don't know anywhere close to what Allah knows is not needed at all and is sheer arrogance. Does Muhammad (PBUH) and other devout Muslims know the secrets of people`s heart better than God?
Q-4: The concept of intercession is nothing but blasphemy. Muhammad (PBUH) is claiming to have the power to act as God's advisor. He even grants this preposterous privilege to his followers. This is absurd. What possibly anyone can tell God that He already does not know? If someone deserves a break because of his loyalty or for any other reason, shouldn't God know that better than his prophet? By claiming that he has the power to intercede with God, Muhammad (PBUH) in assuming the role of the Almighty's partner. Please Explain and give clear Answer
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The concept of intercession
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Your Question: Explain logically why an all knowing, all wise God needs intercession by his creatures. Is there anything that God does not know that the intercessor can inform him?
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 10 Surah Yunus verse 18:
These people worship beside Allah those which can neither harm nor benefit them, and say, These are our shofaa (intercessors) with Allah! (O Prophet (saws)), tell them, Do you wish to inform Allah of that thing which He knows to be neither in the heavens nor in the earth? He is absolutely free from, and exalted above the shirk that they commit.
The Lord Creator is the All-Knowing, All-Wise, and has Perfect and Absolute Knowledge of everything that transpires in creation.and rest absolutely assured that there is absolutely nothing anyone can inform Him which He does not already Know! The Lord Most Majestic Most Supreme is absolutely Self-Sufficient and He does not need anything from anyone in His creation, least of all intercession!!!
The concept of shafaa or intercession in Islam is unfortunately grossly misunderstood by the believers and the disbelievers alike.time and time again, Allah Subhanah in His Glorious Quran, and the Noble Prophet Mohamed (saws) in his authentic and established Sunnah have categorically denied that there will be any intercession for anyone on the Day of Judgment!
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 6 Surah Anam verse 94:
(And on the Day of Resurrection, Allah will say), So, you have come before Us all alone, as We created you at first. Now, you have left behind all that We gave you in the world. Now We do not see with you those shufaa(intercessors), who, you believed, had a share in moulding your destinies! All the relations between you and them have been cut off, and all those, in whom you trusted, have left you in the lurch.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 48:
And guard yourselves against the Day when no one shall avail anyone else; nor shall shafaa (intercession) be accepted from anyone; nor shall anyone be acquitted for any amount of ransom; nor shall the guilty ones be helped from any quarter.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 40 Surah Mumin verse 18:
O Prophet (saws), warn them of the Day that has approached near, when the hearts will leap up to the throats and the people will be standing mute, grief-stricken; and the wrong-doers will neither have any kindly friend nor any shafaa (intercessor) who may be listened to.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 34 Surah Saba verse 26:
Say, Our Lord will gather us all together, then He (Alone) will Judge between us with Truth. He Alone is the One Who Decides, and He Alone Knows everything.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 6.294 Narrated by Abu Huraira
Allah's Messenger (saws) got up when the Verse: "And warn your tribe of near kindred..." (26.214) was revealed and said, "O (people of the tribe of) Quraish! Save yourselves! I cannot save you from Allah (if you disobey Him). O Bani Abu Manaf! I cannot save you from Allah (if you disobey Him). O Abbas! The son of Abdul Muttalib! I cannot save you from Allah (if you disobey Him). O Safiyah, (the aunt of Allah's Messenger (saws))! I cannot save you from Allah (if you disobey Him). O Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad (saws)! Ask what you wish from my property, but I cannot save you from Allah (if you disobey Him)."
In light of the guidance of the Holy Quran, there is indeed a concept of intercession or shufaa in Islambut we assure you it is quite unlike what the disbelievers have envisioned or imagined for themselves!!!
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 39 Surah Zumar verses 44 :
What! Have they taken besides Allah others as shofaa (intercessors)? Say to them, Will they intercede even if they have no power whatever nor understanding? Say, Shafaa (intercession) is wholly in the Power of Allah Alone!. His is the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth. Then to Him you will be returned.
The Lord Most Majestic, Most Supreme categorically Declares that Intercession is wholly in the Power of Allah Subhanah Alone! It is Allah Subhanah Alone Who Will Decide and Determine whom He Wills and Pleases to make an intercessor.and Allah is our witness, it is the Lord Most Supreme Who Alone Will Decide and Determine for whom He will accept intercession from His nominated intercessor.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 20 Surah Taha verses 108-109:
On that Day the people will come straight to the call of the summoner! No one will dare show any haughtiness, and all the voices will be hushed before the Merciful and you will hear nothing but a whispering mumur. On that Day, no intercession shall avail save his, whom the Merciful may allow to intercede and be pleased to give him a hearing.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 19 Surah Maryam verses 87:
(On that Day) no one shall have the ability to make shafaa, except the one who may have received permission from the Merciful.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 34 Surah Saba verse 23 :
(On that Day) no intercession before Allah can avail anyone, except for the one for whom Allah permits it.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 78 Surah Naba verses 38:
The Day when the Spirit (Jibrael) and the Angels shall be standing up in ranks (means..Day of Judgement), none shall speak except the one whom the Merciful may permit, and (the one permitted) will only speak what is right.
Neither the intercessor nor the ones who are to be interceded for, will have any power or authority whatsoever in the absolute least! Intercession is wholly in the Power of the Lord Most Supreme Alone; and He Alone will Decide and Determine who will intercede for whom!
A simple worldly example will make the matter of intercession very clear. On the day of graduation of any good university, the moderators of the university invite and honor a chief guest to give away the certificates to those who have passed their examinations. It is the moderators of the university alone who decide who will be their chief guest and who amongst the students have passed the examinations, and will thus receive their graduation certificates. Neither the chief guest nor the students have the right or privilege to choose their chief guest, nor does the chief guest have a right to award the graduation certificate to whomever he wills amongst the students! It is the moderators of the university who alone decide who will be the chief guest and it is they alone who determine who amongst the students deserve to be certified.
Similarly, Allah Subhanah will honor and nominate one amongst His fortunate slaves to be the intercessor, and Allah Subhanah Alone will Decide whomsoever He Wills to forgiveand then honor this fortunate person to intercede for them; and that fortunate person will thus be honored as the intercessor in the Presence of all mankind on that Day of Judgment! Neither the intercessor nor those who are being forgiven will have the power to make any decisions on that Day, for it will be Allah Subhanah Alone Who will be the Supreme Master of that Inevitable Day of Judgment!
Allah Subhanah has reserved a place of honor in
Abdullah ibn 'Amr related that the Messenger
of Allah (saws) said, "If you hear the call to prayer, repeat after it.
Then supplicate for me, for whoever makes one supplication for me, Allah makes
ten for him. Then ask Allah to grant me the place of Wasilah. It is a
Related by Muslim.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Surah Israa verse 79:
79 And pray (O Prophet (saws)) in the small watches of the morning: (it would be) an additional prayer for thee (O Prophet (saws)): soon will thy Lord raise thee (O Prophet (saws)) to a station of Mahmuda (praise and glory)
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.331 Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah
The Prophet (saws) said, "I have been given five things which were not given to any one else before me.
1. Allah made me victorious by awe, (by His frightening my enemies) for a distance of one month's journey.
2. The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and a thing to perform Tayammum, therefore anyone of my followers can pray wherever the time of a prayer is due.
3. The booty has been made Halal (lawful) for me yet it was not lawful for anyone else before me.
4. I will be given the right of intercession (on the Day of Resurrection).
5. Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have been sent to all mankind.
Thus in essence, and when taken in the right context, there is a provision for intercession on the Day of Judgement in Islam; but the determination of who will be the intercessor and who will receive intercession is something that the Majestic and Supreme Lord Alone will Decide and Decree.
We humbly pray and beseech the Merciful Lord that He honor and bless and grant this lofty and honorable status of Al-Waseelah to our beloved Prophet, Mohamed ar-Rasool Allah (saws) on the Day of Judgment; and we, in all humility and hope and extreme fear, beg our Lord that we be amongst those fortunate beings whom Allah Subhanah has chosen to be forgiven and thus granted the intercession of the noble Messenger of Allah (saws). Ameen.
My beloved and dear Brother in Islam, this concept of intercession is so pivotal, that when taken in the wrong context, has allowed the Shaytaan to lead many amongst mankind to the heinous and unforgivable path of shirk! Without exception, all the nations that were destroyed in the past and related by Allah Subhanah in the Glorious Quran were victims of this false belief of intercession, whereby they invented their own deities and invoked them to intercede for them in the Presence of the Majestic Lord; and they thus became involved in the heinous sin of shirk!
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 39 Surah Zumur verse 2-3:
So worship Allah Alone, making your religion His exclusively. Beware! Religion is the exclusive Right of Allah. As for those who have taken other auliyas (guardians) with Allah (and justify their this conduct by saying): We serve them only that they may bring us closer to Allah. Allah will surely judge between them concerning all that in which they differ. Allah does not show guidance to any liar and denier of the Truth.
It is indeed unfortunate, that even after having believed in the Quran and in the Last Messenger of Allah (saws), many amongst the Muslim Ummah have fallen in this exact same trap of Shaytaan and chosen their own intercessors without any right or authority! They invoke the graves of their intercessors, celebrate and commemorate their birthdays and their death-days, feed people in their names, and invoke them at all times to intercede for them in the Presence of Allah Subhanah for all their needs! Little do they realize that this is precisely the sin of shirk that overwhelmed those nations who were destroyed by Allah Subhanah before them!
May Allah Subhanah have mercy on the Muslim Ummah and save them from this evil and heinous temptation of the Shaytaan who leads them to shirk.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 16 Surah Nahl verse 98-100:
Then, when you begin to recite the Quran, seek Allahs refuge against the accursed Shaitaan, for he has no power over those who believe and put their trust in Allah. Shaitaan has power (to inspire) only over those people, who make him their patron, and practice shirk by his temptation.
Beloved Brother in Islam, if in spite of our best efforts, and due to the shortcomings in our writing and explanations, if we have not been able to completely clarify this concept of intercession in Islam, or if there is any doubt in your mind regarding this concept of intercession; we humbly request you to ask us or any good scholar as many questions as you may like to clarify and fully understand this concept of intercession from the Truth of the Quran and Sunnah. This concept is so pivotal in the deen, that if mis-understood or taken in the wrong context, it leads straight to the path of the unforgivable and heinous sin of shirk.
If one trusts, obeys, and follows the guidance and commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws), he can be assured of never ever being misled; but if one believes, obeys and follows any other guidance, other than that of Allah and His Messenger (saws), he can be assured of being led astray.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,