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I like to ask the following questions as below regarding Muhammad (Sallallahoo Alyhay walahi Wasallim)s MIRAJ.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Assalam O Alykum
I m very thankful to ur services, this is very helpful to us.

I like to ask the following questions as below regarding Muhammad (Sallallahoo Alyhay walahi Wasallim)s MIRAJ.

1-Miraj by Ruhani or Physical..?

2-He saw or not to ALLAH SUBHANAUTALLAH?

3-Where is Sidratulmuntaha?

4-Where Muhammad (Sallallahoo Alyhay Walyhi Wasallim) Stay/Spend time with ALLAH SUBHANAUTALLAH.??

3-How many time/period spend there..??

4-Where I can find-out in Quran/Hadees about Miraj..?

I believed but our some Muslim people says when he went on Miraj, He stop & stay till Sidratulmuntaha,

Kindly provide evidence though Quran & Hadees?

Waiting ur reply, as possible earlier.

Regards,

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Details of mairaj

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Q-1: Miraj by Ruhani or Physical..?
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Surah Israa verse 1:

1 Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant (Prophet Mohamed (saws)) for Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque (in Makkah) to the Farthest Mosque (Masjid Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem) whose precincts We did Bless in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the one Who Hears and Sees (all things).

 

Although these are a few scholars who hold the opinion that the mairaaj or ascension to the heavens of the Prophet (saws) on the night of Al-Israa wal-Mairaaj was spiritual alone; the vast majority of the scholars and jurists in Islam are of the opinion that the ascension of the Prophet (saws) was in body and in soul, physical and spiritual.And Allah Alone Knows Best.

 

Q-2: He saw or not to ALLAH SUBHANAUTALLAH?
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 6 Surah Anaam verse 103:

103 No vision can grasp Him (Allah Subhanah), but His Grasp is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things.

 

Allah Subhanah Declares in the Glorious Quran that there is No vision can grasp Him ; thus it is evident from the above Aayah that there is no one in creation who can or has seen the Lord, Most Majestic, Most Supreme!

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 6.378 Narrated by Masruq

I said to Aisha, "O Mother of the Believers! Did Prophet Muhammad (saws) see his Lord (on the Night of Mairaaj)?" Aisha said, "What you have said makes my hair stand on end! Know that if somebody tells you one of the following three things, he is a liar: Whoever tells you that Muhammad (saws) saw his Lord, is a liar; and whoever tells you that the Prophet (saws) knows what is going to happen tomorrow, is a liar; and whoever tells you that Muhammad (saws) concealed (some of Allah's orders), is a liar."

 

In light of the above authentic narration it is evident that the Messenger of Allah (saws) did not see the Majestic Lord on the Night of Mairaaj or at any other time of his life; for there is none in creation who has or can see the Majestic and Supreme Lord.

 

3-Where is Sidratulmuntaha?
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 53 Surah Najm verses 11-18:

11 The (Prophet's (saws) mind and) heart in no way falsified that which he saw.




12 Will ye then dispute with him concerning what he saw?

13 For indeed he (the Prophet (saws)) saw him (Hadrat Jibrael (a.s.)) at a second descent.

14 Near the Sidratal-Muntaha (Lote-tree beyond which none may pass)

15 Near it is the Garden of Abode.

16 Behold the Sidra (Lote-tree) was shrouded (in mystery unspeakable!)

17 (The Prophets (saws)) sight never swerved nor did it go wrong!

18 For truly did he see of the Signs of his Lord, The Greatest!

 

The literal meaning of Sidra is a lote-tree, and Muntaha is the extreme, abject, edge or limit of something.

 

In light of the above guidance of the Glorious Quran, the Sidratal-Muntaha is apparently a Lote-Tree at the abject and ultimate end of creation, near the Jannat al-Mawa or the Garden of Abode; a boundary beyond which none in creation is permitted to venture or pass.

 

Ibn Jarir and Ibn Kathir in their commentary of this verse of the Glorious Quran have stated regarding the Sidratal-Muntaha as thus: At this point, the knowledge of everyone in creation comes to an end! Whatever is beyond this Muntaha is known to none save Allah Subhanah wa Taala.

 

Where is the exact geographical location of the Sidratal-Muntaha, or what lies beyond it is amongst the knowledge of the unseen which is known to none save Allah Subhanah Alone. If its geographical location or the contents of what lies beyond this ultimate and abject mark in creation were important for the guidance of mankind, Allah Subhanah would surely have made it known to His Messenger (saws), and the Messenger of Allah (saws) would have explained it to the believers!

 

The believers are content and satisfied with the knowledge that their Lord has chosen to bestow upon them regarding the location of the Sidratal-Muntaha, which is beside the Jannat al-Mawa or the Garden of Abode.and it is a boundary beyond which none in creation is permitted to venture or pass.

 

Q-4: Where Muhammad (Sallallahoo Alyhay Walyhi Wasallim) Stay/Spend time with ALLAH SUBHANAUTALLAH.??
What is evident from the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah is that Allah Subhanah invited and arranged for the Night Journey of the Prophet Mohamed (saws) from Makkah to Jerusalem, and from Jerusalem to the Ascension into the Heavens. Where exactly did Prophet Mohamed (saws) stay during this journey, how much time did the Prophet (saws) spend in the audience of The Lord Most High, etc. is neither declared in the Quran nor the authentic and established Sunnah. If such information were important for the guidance of mankind, Allah Subhanah and His Messenger (saws) would surely have made it known to the believers!

 

What is indeed known with certainty from the authentic narrations of the Prophet (saws) is that this whole journey from Makkah to Jerusalem, and from Jerusalem to the Heavens and back to Makkah took no longer than one night.

 

Q-4: Where I can find-out in Quran/Hadees about Miraj..?

The literal meaning of the Arabic term israa means journey, and mairaaj means ascension. When the term israa wal mairaaj is used in the Islamic terminology, it means the Night Journey of the Messenger of Allah (saws) with Hadrat Jibrael (a.s.) from the Sacred Mosque in Makkah to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem, and then the mairaaj or ascension from the precincts of the Masjid al-Aqsa to the heavens.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Surah Israa verse 1:

1 Glory to (Allah), Who did take His Servant (Prophet Mohamed (saws)) for Journey by night (Israa) from the Sacred Mosque (in Makkah) to the Masjid al-Aqsa, whose precincts We did Bless; in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who Hears and Sees (all things).

 

There are several authentic and long narrations from the Messenger of Allah (saws) which describes in various ways what exactly transpired on his Night Journey and Ascension to the Heavens with Hadrat Jibrael (a.s.), the most comprehensive amongst them is the narration narrated by Hadrat Anas ibn Maalik (r.a.):

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 5.227 Narrated by Anas bin Malik

Malik bin Sasaa said that Allah's Messenger (saws) described to them his Night Journey saying, "While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly someone came to me and cut my body open from here to here." I asked Al-Jarud who was by my side, "What does he mean?" He said, "It means from his throat to his pubic area," or said, "From the top of the chest." The Prophet (saws) further said, "He then took out my heart. Then a gold tray of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and was filled (with Belief) and then returned to its original place. Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me." (On this Al-Jarud asked, "Was it the Buraq, O Abu Hamza?" I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative). The Prophet (saws) said, "The animal's step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal's sight. I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest heaven.

When he asked for the gate to be opened, it was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has Muhammad been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the first heaven, I saw Adam there. Gabriel said (to me). 'This is your father, Adam; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me till we reached the second heaven. Gabriel asked for the gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel answered in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened.

When I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yahya (i.e. John) and 'Isa (i.e. Jesus) who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me), 'These are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.' So I greeted them and both of them returned my greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the third heaven there I saw Joseph. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Joseph; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fourth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is!'

The gate was opened, and when I went over the fourth heaven, there I saw Idris. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Idris; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fifth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked. 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is!' So when I went over the fifth heaven, there I saw Harun (i.e. Aaron), Gabriel said, (to me). This is Aaron; pay him your greetings.' I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the sixth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. It was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!'

When I went (over the sixth heaven), there I saw Moses. Gabriel said (to me),' This is Moses; pay him your greeting. So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' When I left him (i.e. Moses) he wept. Someone asked him, 'What makes you weep?' Moses said, 'I weep because after me there has been sent (as Prophet), a young man whose followers will enter Paradise in greater numbers than my followers.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the seventh heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked,' Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!'

So when I went (over the seventh heaven), there I saw Abraham. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is your father; pay your greetings to him.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.' Then I was made to ascend to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) Behold! Its fruits were like the jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its leaves were as big as the ears of elephants. Gabriel said, 'This is the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary.' Behold! There ran four rivers; two were hidden and two were visible. I asked, 'What are these two kinds of rivers, O Gabriel?' He replied, 'As for the hidden rivers, they are two rivers in Paradise and the visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.'

Then Al-Bait-ul-Ma'mur (i.e. the Sacred House) was shown to me and a container full of wine and another full of milk and a third full of honey were brought to me. I took the milk. Gabriel remarked, 'This is the Islamic religion which you and your followers are following.' Then the prayers were enjoined on me: They were fifty prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by Moses who asked (me), 'What have you been ordered to do?' I replied, 'I have been ordered to offer fifty prayers a day.' Moses said, 'Your followers cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by Allah, I have tested people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel (in vain). Go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your followers' burden.' So I went back, and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then again I came to Moses, but he repeated the same as he had said before. Then again I went back to Allah and He reduced ten more prayers. When I came back to Moses he said the same, I went back to Allah and He ordered me to observe ten prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he repeated the same advice, so I went back to Allah and was ordered to observe five prayers a day.

When I came back to Moses, he said, 'What have you been ordered?' I replied, 'I have been ordered to observe five prayers a day.' He said, 'Your followers cannot bear five prayers a day, and no doubt, I have got an experience of the people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel, so go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your follower's burden.' I said, 'I have requested so much of my Lord that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now and surrender to Allah's Order.' When I left, I heard a voice saying, 'I have passed My Order and have lessened the burden of My Worshipers."

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 


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