Prayer of wahshat and deceased.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
please tell me
*about namaz whashat , how to offer it
* what else we can do for our loved ones who are deceased
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
Prayer of wahshat and deceased
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Your Question: please
tell me about namaz whashat , how to offer it
Dear and beloved Sister in Islam, to the best of our knowledge there is absolutely no mention of a prayer by the name of namaaz or salaah of Wahshat in either the Glorious Quran or in the authentic and established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws); nor is there any evidence whatsoever that the Messenger of Allah (saws) ever offered such a prayer himself, or guided the believers to perform this supposed prayer of wahshat!!!
To invent a specific prayer, or to assign a specific name to the invented prayer when Allah and His Messenger (saws) have not endorsed such a worship would be a clear manifestation of bida or innovation in the pure and perfect deen of Islam.
Aisha narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: If somebody innovates something which is not present in our religion, then that thing will be rejected.
Related by Bukhari.
Sahih Muslim Hadith 1885 Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah
That the Prophet of Allah (saws) said in a sermon: The best speech is that which is embodied in the Book of Allah, the Al Quran; and the best guidance is the guidance given by me, Mohamed (saws). The most evil affairs are the innovations (bida), and every innovation (bida) is an error.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4515 Narrated by Ali ibn AbuTalib
That the Prophet of Allah (saws) said: If anyone introduces an innovation (bida in religion), he will be responsible for it. If anyone introduces an innovation (bida) or gives shelter to a man who introduces an innovation (bida), he is cursed by Allah, by His Angels, and by all the people!
Your Question: what else we can do for our loved ones who are deceased
Abu Hurairah reported, "The Prophet (saws) said, 'When a person dies all his good deeds cease except for three:
- a continuous act of charity (which the deceased did in his lifetime),
- beneficial knowledge (which the deceased left behind),
- and a righteous son (children) who prays for him'.''
Related by Muslim and Abu Dawood.
Abu Hurairah reported, "The Prophet (saws) said, 'The righteous works that continue to benefit a believer after his death include the knowledge that he taught and spread among others, a righteous son (children) whom he leaves behind, or a copy of the Qur'an that he bequeaths to his inheritors, or a mosque that he builds, or a rest house that he builds for the wayfarers, or a canal of water that he digs for the benefit of others, or a charity that he gives out of his property during his life while he is sound of health. He will continue to receive reward for all these even after his death.'
Related by Ibn Maajah.
Dear and beloved sister in Islam, it is not the reading or reciting of anything that will benefit the soul of the deceased, but in light of the above absolutely clear guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws), the deed that immensely benefits them is the supplications the off-springs or the loved ones of the deceased make for them.
If the deceased are your parents, or your guardians, or your loved ones who inspired and strove and were instrumental in helping to guide you to the Straight Path and obedience of Allah, then every single good deed that you do, not only will you have your own reward for that deed, but the Lord Most Merciful will bestow upon them an equal reward for the good deeds you do, without any diminish in your reward whatsoever.
Jarir ibn Abdallah reported: "The Prophet (saws) said: 'Whoever introduces a good practice in Islam will get its reward and the rewards for all those who follow these practices after him, without any loss to their reward. And whoever introduces a bad practice in Islam will acquire its sin and the sins of all those who practice it, without any decrease in their sins."
Thus my beloved sister, there is no reading or reciting of some phrases or Surahs which by itself can help the soul of ones deceased loved ones, but what really helps them is the supplications their loved ones make for them, and if they were the ones who were instrumental in your guidance to the Right Path, then every single good deed you do, they too shall have a reward of that deed without any diminish in your reward.
If one invents or performs any rite or ritual in their effort to transfer the reward to the deceased when such a rite or ritual is not specifically endorsed by the Messenger of Allah (saws), then without an iota of a doubt, one would be involved in the evil of performing or practicing a bida or innovation; and every single innovation in the pure and perfect deen of Islam is an error and a sin in the Sight of the Lord.
If one trusts, obeys, and follows the guidance and commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be assured of never ever being misled; but if one believes, obeys and follows any other guidance, other than that of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be assured of being led astray.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,