Recently I have been thinking of investing a small amount of money & I was thinking of investin in stocks & shares.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Dear Brother in Islam
Recently I have been thinking of investing a small amount of money & I was thinking of investin in stocks & shares. But I dont want to do anything which is haraam or earn money which is not halal. please advice, if one invests in Islamically ethical shares (i.e not involving pure riba, haram products like alcohol etc ) what is the consensus on this. A question which keeps arising in my mind is that the basis of everything nowdays is riba) so please advise.
My second query is regarding buying a house on mortgage - this is for personal use etc since i live in
jazak Allah Khair
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Shares and mortgage
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Your Question: I was thinking of investin in stocks & shares.
According to the view of most scholars in Islam, investment in shares and/or the stock market in its essence is permissible in Islam, provided the following guideless are honored:
The three main factors that make a stock haraam according to the scholars is as follows:
<![if !supportLists]>1. <![endif]>The company should not deal in a product which is declared haraam in its essence in Islam. Eg. alchohol, prostitution, usury, pork, etc.
<![if !supportLists]>2. <![endif]>The company should not deal in a product which is used to harm a muslim country. Eg. Arms manufacturing in a pagan country, etc.
<![if !supportLists]>3. <![endif]>Only the pure buying, holding, and selling of lawful stocks is termed permissible by the scholars. All types of other derivative transactions like buying ‘options’, ‘shorting’ the stock, buying ‘calls’, selling ‘calls’, buying ‘puts’, selling ‘puts’, or ‘straddles’, or any other variations and derivatives are not lawful.
Your Question: My
second query is regarding buying a house on mortgage - this is for personal use
etc since i live in
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 274-276:
But those who devour ‘riba’ become like the one whom Shaitaan has bewitched and maddened by his touch. They have been condemned to this condition because they say, “Trade is just like ‘riba”, whereas Allah has made trade halaal and ‘riba’ haraam. Henceforth, if one abstains from taking ‘riba’ after receiving this admonition from his Lord, no legal action shall be taken against him regarding the ‘riba’ he had devoured before: his case shall ultimately go to Allah. But if one repeats the same crime even after this, he shall go to Hell, where he shall abide for ever! Allah deprives ‘riba’ of all blessing and develops charity, and Allah does not like an ungrateful, sinful person.
Allah says further in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 278:
O Believers!, fear Allah and give up that ‘riba’ which is still due to you, if you are true believers. But if you do not do so, then you are warned of the declaration of war against you by Allah and His Messenger!
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisa verse 161:
That they took ‘riba’, although they were forbidden. And that they devoured men’s substance wrongfully. We have prepared for those among them who reject faith a grievous punishment (of Hell Fire)!
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 2827 Narrated by Abdullah ibn Mas'ud
Allah's Messenger (saws) said, "Even though usury be much, it leads in the end to penury."
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 2829 Narrated by Ali ibn AbuTalib
Ali said he heard Allah's Messenger (saws) invoke the curse of Allah on those who took usury, those who paid it, those who recorded it, and those who refused to give sadaqah.
Dear and beloved brother in Islam, it is neither the taking out of a loan nor a mortgage which by itself is unlawful or prohibited in Islam; what is unconditionally and specifically and categorically prohibited and absolutely unlawful in the Sight of Allah Subhanah is the ‘interest’ element in the conventional interest-based loans and mortgages.
There is absolutely no harm in Shariah if one wishes or needs to take out a loan or a mortgage to fulfill their needs, provided the loan/mortgage is Shariah compliant and thus free of interest; but to indulge in an interest-based loan or mortgage would be absolutely against the Guidance, Commands and Boundaries of Allah Subhanah.
Dear and beloved brother, buying a house to live in this short and transitory world is definitely not an obligatory duty of a believer; but obedience to the Commands and Guidance of the Lord Most Majestic is indeed an absolutely obligatory duty of every believer who sincerely believes in Allah and the Last Day!
Thus if a believer wishes to purchase a house for himself and his family to live in, and wishes not to ignite the Wrath and Anger of their Lord by dealing in the prohibited, here are his lawful options:
- Wait with patience till Allah provides him with enough sustenance to buy a house, or
- Rent or lease a suitable accommodation for himself and his family, or
- Seek to get an interest-free loan from some amongst his loved ones who are blessed with abundance by their Lord, or
- Seek to get an interest-free loan from a Shariah compliant Islamic Bank or financial institution.
But under absolutely no circumstances should a believer who sincerely fears Allah and the Last Day risk the everlasting and eternal Gardens of the Hereafter in lieu of some paltry accommodation in the life of this short and transitory world by indulging in the abomination of ‘riba’, which has specifically been declared as unlawful by Allah and His Messenger (saws)!
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,