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Supplications during prayer.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Assalamu Alaikum


Brother Burhan, I am Mohammed Rafiq from Kerala the state which follows the Shafi Madhab. Our prayers are as follows:


1. Before Fathiha, we recite Wajjahthu Wajhiya lilladee hope you

know the rest. Is this correct?

2. After that Fahiha, then optionally a sura which every madhab follows.
3. In ruku and sajda in addition to Subhana Rabbial Aala/Azeem (whatever it maybe) we add Wabihamdihi. Is it ok brother?

4. After standing up from Ruku, we say Rabbana Lakal Hamd then we add milassamawati wa milal ard wamilamaashiath min shay in baad. Is it a bidaa or is it ok or anything wrong?

5. Between two sajdahs we say Rabbigfirli, Warhamnee, Wajburnee, Warfani, Warzuqni, Wahdinee, Waaafinee. Is it correct or should we say something else?

6. In Tashahud, while reciting Durood, is it sufficient to say only Allahumma Salli Ala Muhammadin or should we recite it upto Innaka Hameedun Majeed. Also I find that there are some differences between the recitations given by you and ours, not very significant though, hope there is nothing wrong with that.

7. After reciting Durood in Tashahud, we recite the foll:
Allahummagfirlee Maa Qaddamthu, Wa Maa Akharthu, Wa Maa Asrarthu, Wa Maa Aalamthu, Wa Maa Asrafthu, Wa Maa Antha Alamu bihi minnee, Innaka Anthal Muqaddimu, Wa Anthal Muakhhiru. Laa Ilaha Illaa Antha Allaahumma Innee Aoodubika Min Adaabi l Khabari, Wa Min Adaabinnaari, Wa Min Fithnathil Mahya wal Mamaathi, Wa Min Fithnathil Maseehuddajjal.

Pl. clarify whether all this is ok or not. Thanks,

 

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Answer:

 

Supplications during prayer

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Dear and beloved brother in Islam, there are some acts in salaah which are absolutely obligatory (eg. wudu, facing qibla, takbeer to start prayer, qiyaam, recitation of Surah Fatihah, ruku, sujood, tasleem to end prayer, etc.).

 

Then there are parts which are preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) (for example: the making of supplications, the declaration of Allahs Greatness, the recitation of other Surahs or Verses after recitation of Surah Fatihah, etc.)

 

As long as one fulfills all the obligatory rites of prayer, there is absolutely no harm if one wishes to make supplications as often and as many as they like in their prayers, for there is enough evidence in the authentic and established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) that he (saws) would make many supplications in his prayers (after the takbeer, while standing, while sitting for tashahud, and specially when in the state of prostration, etc.).

 

The Messenger of Allah (saws) forbade the believers to recite the Quran while in the state of ruku and sajdah in prayer; and guided that one should only Praise and Extol their Lord in their ruku, and Praise, Extol, and make as many supplications as one wills in their state of sajdah in prayer.

 

Sahih Muslim Hadith 970 Narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas (part)

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said: I have been forbidden to recite the Qur'an in the state of bowing (ruku) and prostration (sajdah) in prayer. So far as the Ruku (bowing in prayer) is concerned, Extol in it the Great and Glorious Lord, and while prostrating (sajdah in prayer) yourselves be earnest in supplication, for it is fitting that your supplications should be answered.

 

Nu'man b. Bashir reported that the Prophet (saws), said, "Verily supplication is worship."

Narrated by Ahmad and Abu Dawood.

 

Your Question-1: Before Fathiha, we recite Wajjahthu Wajhiya lilladee hope you know the rest. Is this correct?
It is the preferred Sunnah of the Prophet (saws) to make a supplication immediately after the takbeer or start of prayer and before the recitation of Surah al-Fatihah; and one amongst the Sunnah supplications is the Wajjahtu wajhiya..:

 


Hadrat Ali ibn Abi Taalib (r.a.) said that when the Prophet (saws) stood for prayer, he (saws) would make the takbeer and then say, "Wajjahtu Wajhiya..(I have turned my face to the One who Created the heavens and the earth as a sincere submissive (person), and I am not one of the polytheists. My prayers, my sacrifice, my life, and my death are all for Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. He has no partner. That is what I have been ordered and I am of those who submit. O Allah, you are the King and there is no Lord besides You. You are my Lord and I am Your slave. I have wronged my soul and You are aware of my sins, so forgive all of my sins. No one forgives sins save You. Guide me to the best character. No one can guide to the best of that save You. Turn me away from its evil, and no one can turn me from its evil save You. At Your beck and call, all the good is in Your hands and evil is not to You. And I am for You and to You are the blessings and the exaltedness. I seek your forgiveness and return unto You."

Related by Ahmad, Muslim, at-Tirmidhi, and Abu Dawud.

 

Your Question-2: After that Fahiha, then optionally a sura which every madhab follows.
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (saws) said, "Whoever prays a prayer and does not recite the opening chapter of the Qur'an (Surah Al Fatihah) has not prayed correctly."

Related by Ahmad, al-Bukhari and Muslim.

 

Said Abu Hurairah, "A recitation should be done in every prayer. What we heard from the Prophet (saws) we let you hear. What he (saws) was silent about, we are silent about with you. If one does not add anything to al-Fatihah, it is sufficient. If one does add something, it is good."

Related by al-Bukhari.

 

It is an obligatory condition of prayer that Surah Fatihah is recited in every rakah of the prayer; whether the prayers are obligatory (fard) or voluntary (Sunnah or Nafl). If one does not pray the Surah Fatihah in any rakah of the prayer, the prayer of the person will not be considered valid. Reciting anything from the Quran in addition to the Surah Fatihah in prayer is the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws).

 

Your Question-3: In ruku and sajda in addition to Subhana Rabbial Aala/Azeem (whatever it maybe) we add Wabihamdihi. Is it ok brother?
Uqbah ibn 'Aamr related that when the phrase "Subhanah Rabbi al-Aala (Glorify your Lord, the Most High)" was revealed, the Prophet (saws) said, "Do so in your prostrations."

Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and al-Hakim.

 

Hudhaifah reported that when the Prophet (saws) prostrated in prayer, he (saws) would say "Subhana Rabbi al-Aala."

Rrelated by Ahmad, Muslim, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah and at-Tirmidhi.

 

It is the Sunnah of the Prophet (saws) to declare Subhanah Rabbi al-Aala at least three times in ones state of prostration in prayer; if one wishes to recite it more than three times, one is absolutely at liberty to do so, but it would be preferred if one does so an odd number of times (3,5,7,9,11.).

 

If one wishes to add more phrases of Glorification or Extol the Lord Most High (eg. wabihamdihi (and all Praise is Yours), etc.), there is absolutely no harm. Except for the recitation of the Quran, one may Praise, Glorify, Extol, and make as many supplications as one wills in the state of prostration in prayer.

 

Your Question-4: After standing up from Ruku, we say Rabbana Lakal Hamd then we add milassamawati wa milal ard wamilamaashiath min shay in baad. Is it a bidaa or is it ok or

anything wrong?

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.764 Narrated by Rifaa bin Rafi Az Zuraqi

One day we were praying behind the Prophet (saws). When he raised his head from ruku, he (saws) said, "Sami'a-l-lahu Liman hamida (Allah Listens to him Who Praises Him)" A man behind him said, "Rabbana walaka-l hamd hamdan Kathiran taiyiban mubarakan fihi. (O our Lord! All the praises are for You, many good and blessed praises therein). When the Prophet (saws) completed the prayer, he (saws) asked, "Who has said these words?" The companion replied, "I." The Prophet (saws) said, "I saw over thirty Angels competing to write it first!"

 

There is absolutely no harm if one wishes to additionally Praise and Glorify Allah Subhanah after the declaration of Rabbana lakal hamd when standing up from the state of ruku in prayer.

Your Question-5: Between two sajdahs we say Rabbigfirli, Warhamnee, Wajburnee, Warfani, Warzuqni, Wahdinee, Waaafinee. Is it correct or should we say something else?

Hudhaifah (r.a.) reported that between the two prostrations in prayer, the Prophet (saws) would (at times) say, "O Lord, forgive me."

Narrated by An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah.

 

Abu Dawud recorded from

Ibn Abbas (r.a.) reported that between the two prostrations in prayer, the Prophet (saws) would (at times) say "Rabbigfirli, Warhamnee.(O Allah, forgive me, have mercy on me, grant me well-being, guide me and provide for me.)"

 

One may make as many supplications as one likes in the seated position between the two prostrations in prayer.

 

Your Question-6: In Tashahud, while reciting Durood, is it sufficient to say only Allahumma Salli Ala Muhammadin or should we recite it upto Innaka Hameedun Majeed. Also I find that there are some differences between the recitations given by you and ours, not very significant though, hope there is nothing wrong with that.

Abu Mas'ud Al-Ansari reported the following account from Bashir ibn Sa'd: "I asked Prophet (saws) 'O Messenger of Allah (saws), Allah has commanded us to invoke blessings upon you. How should we do it?' The Messenger of Allah (saws) remained silent until we wished we had not asked him. Then he told us to say,

'Allahumma salli 'ala muhammadin wa 'ala ali muhammadin kama sallayta 'ala ali ibrahima, wa barik 'ala muhammadin wa 'ala ali muhammadin kama barakta 'ala ibrahima wa 'ala ali ibrahima; fil 'alamin, innaka hammidum majeed. {Narrated by Muslim.}

(O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed the family of Ibrahim, and give baraka to Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You gave baraka to Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. In all the worlds, You are worthy of Praise and Glorious)

 

The absolute majority of the scholars and the jurists in Islam are of the opinion that it is wajib (obligatory) to recite the durood salutations upon the Prophet (saws) in full in ones final tashahud in prayer (ie. until .innaka Hameed un Majeed)

 

Question-7: After reciting Durood in Tashahud, we recite the foll:

Allahummagfirlee Maa Qaddamthu, Wa Maa Akharthu, Wa Maa Asrarthu, Wa Maa Aalamthu, Wa

Maa Asrafthu, Wa Maa Antha Alamu bihi minnee, Innaka Anthal Muqaddimu, Wa Anthal Muakhhiru. Laa Ilaha Illaa Antha Allaahumma Innee Aoodubika Min Adaabi l Khabari, Wa Min Adaabinnaari, Wa Min Fithnathil Mahya wal Mamaathi, Wa Min Fithnathil Maseehuddajjal.

There are at least ten different supplications recorded in the authentic and established Sunnah which the Messenger of Allah (saws) would make before the tasleems to signal the end of his prayer; thus it is absolutely permissible for one to make any number or type of the Sunnah supplications as one wills, before one ends ones prayer by declaring the tasleems.

 

Amongst the many supplications made by the Prophet (saws) before the tasleems and recorded in the authentic Sunnah are:

1.                  Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said, "When one of you finishes the final tashahud, he should say, 'O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the torment of the Hell-fire and the grave, from the trials of life and death, and from the trials of the Dajjal." (Related by Muslim.)

 

2.                  Aishah reported that the Messenger of Allah would supplicate before the end of his prayers: "O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the torment of the grave, from the trials of the Dajjal, and from the trials of life and death. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from sin and debt." (Related by Muslim and al-Bukhari.)

 

3.                  'Ali reported that when the Prophet (saws) prayed, the last thing he would say between the tashahud and the tasleem was, "O Allah, forgive my past and later sins, what was in private and what was in public, and what I have been extravagant in. You are more knowledgeable of it than I. You are the Promoter and the Retarder. There is no god except You." (Related by Muslim.)

4.                  Abdullah ibn 'Amr reported that Abu Bakr said to the Messenger of Allah (saws), "Teach me a supplication that I may use in my prayers." He (saws) told him, "Say, O Allah, I have wronged my soul a great wrong and no one forgives sins except You, so forgive me with such forgiveness that only comes from You and have mercy on me. Verily, You are the Oft-Forgiving, the Oft-Mercful." (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

 

The supplication quoted by you is a combination and compilation of a few of the Sunnah supplications, and absolutely acceptable and permissible to recite in prayer.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 

 


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