Could u please tell me the correct way of performing salaat ul witr.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
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Dear Brother As salam alaikum wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.Could u please tell me the correct way of performing salaat ul witr in accourdance eith the authentiv ahaadith and if you could qoute them as well.Also i would like to know if we miss a jammah in a mosque should we say the adhan and the iqamah a fresh.Kindly explain.Jazakallah khair
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Witr and adhaan when alone
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Your Question: Could u please tell me the correct way of performing salaat ul witr
It is reported that Hadrat Ali (r.a.) said: "The witr prayer is not required like your obligatory prayers, but the Prophet (saws) would perform the witr prayer and say: 'O you people [followers] of the Qur'an, perform the witr prayer, for Allah is One and He loves the witr.'"
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.112 Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar
The Prophet (saws) said, "Make Witr as your last prayer at night."
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.13
It is permissible to perform the witr prayers by praying two rak'at combinations[and concluding each of them with a tashahud and the tasleems] and then praying one rak'ah with a tashahud and taslim. Likewise, it is allowed to pray all the rak'at with two tashahuds and one taslim. One may pray an even number of rak'ats, one after another, without making any tashahud, save in the one before the last rak'ah in which case one makes the tashahud and then stands to perform the last rak'ah wherein one will make another tashahud and end the prayer with the taslim. One may also make only one tashahud and the taslim, in the last rak'ah of witr. All of that is permissible and can be traced to the Prophet (saws).
Al-Bukhari and Muslim quote 'Aishah saying that the Prophet (saws) would perform thirteen rak'at during the night and would make the witr prayer, and he would not 'sit' except in the last rak'ah of them. In another hadith, 'Aishah reports that the Prophet (saws) would perform nine rak'at during the night and that he would not sit during them until the eighth rak'ah in which he would make remembrance of Allah, praising Him, and would make supplication. Then, he would stand without making the taslim and pray the ninth rak'ah, after which he would sit, make the tashahud and make the taslim in such a manner that we could hear him.
The Prophet (saws) said: 'The night prayer is sets of two rak'at. If one fears the coming of the dawn, he should perform one rak'ah, thereby making all of them odd [witr].'
Since the number of rakahs of the voluntary night prayers are not specified, one may pray as many rakahs as is easy for him, either in a two rakah combination with a tashahud and tasleem for each, or all of them together with only a tashahud at the end of the prayer with no tasleem; then end these voluntary night prayers with one rakah of witr with a tashahud and tasleems thus making all of them witr or an odd number. The Messenger of Allah (saws) prayed the night voluntary prayers in both ways, thus if one follows any one of the ways he would be in accordance with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws).
Basically the wisdom or concept is to conclude the day prayers with witr or an odd number of rakahs which is fulfilled by the three rakahs of the obligatory Magrib prayers, and the end the night prayers with witr or an odd number of rakahs.
Your Question: Also i would like to know if we miss a jammah in a mosque should we say the adhan and the iqamah a fresh.Kindly explain
The Messenger of Allah (saws) always prayed his fard or obligatory prayers in congregation, thus the Adhaan was announced by the caller to prayer, and after the appointed time when the believers had gathered in the mosques, the Iqaamah was announced, and the believers would stand in the rows and make themselves available for prayers. Thus the absolute majority of the scholars are unanimous in their opinion that it is obligatory to announce the adhaan and the iqama when praying in congregation.
The main reason and wisdom behind the declaration of the adhaan aloud is to make aware to the believers that the time of offering the prayer has begun. If one is praying alone, it is not obligatory for him to give the adhaan or the iqaamah before one starts ones prayer. If one has heard the adhaan being called from the mosques, or if one is sure the time of prayer has approached, they may simply make the intention and start their prayer. But if one praying alone, for any reason declares the adhaan or the iqaamah, there is absolutely no harm and will not effect the validity of his prayers in any way.
But whenever there are two or more believers gathered at any place and they intend to offer their prayers in congregation; then it would be best if they announce the adhaan, then the iqaamah, and then start their prayer in congregation.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,