1. who is responsible for the distribution of wealth of the deceased?
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1. who is responsible for the distribution of wealth of the deceased? is it the surviving spouse?( if not in a condition to do so) then the eldest male or female child? or of the the sibling who is occupying the portion of inheritance e.g the house and business of father occupied by one son and other siblings don`t? and if the sibling occupying it delays their share then what action should the others take acc to sunnah?
2.necessary tp pray sadeqallah after a person dies and its significance.
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Who is responsible for distribution inheritance
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Your Question: who is responsible for the distribution of wealth of the deceased?
Because the structure of each family and the authority of the legal surviving heirs might vary considerably, Islam has not made or nominated any single person or body responsible to distribute the inheritance of the deceased; but rather Islam guides that it is the responsibility of every single legal heir that he/she take only the share of inheritance that is lawfully due to them.
If one in authority intentionally and knowingly mis-appropriates the prescribed share of inheritance, or one amongst the legal heirs knowingly and intentionally demands and takes more than their prescribed share of the inheritance, they shall bear the burden of their enormity and sin in the Presence of the Lord Most Majestic.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verses 13-14:
13 Those (prescribed shares of inheritance) are the limits set by Allah: those who obey Allah and His Messenger will be admitted to Gardens with rivers flowing beneath to abide therein (for ever), and that will be the supreme achievement.
14 But those who disobey Allah and His Messenger and transgress His limits will be admitted to a Fire to abide therein: and they shall have a humiliating punishment.
Your Question: ..and if the sibling occupying it delays their share then what action should the others take acc to sunnah?
If one amongst the legal heirs is unsatisfied with the delay in the distribution of the inheritance, or doubts that he/she has not received his/her prescribed share of the deceaseds inheritance in full, they are well within their rights to approach a Shariah Court of Law, and the Judge of the Shariah Court will make sure that each legal heir receives their prescribed share in full.
Your Question: necessary tp pray sadeqallah after a person dies and its significance.
One amongst the obligatory rights of a muslim from his believing brother is that he be given an honorable funeral.
Other than the funeral prayer which the believers are to offer in congregation for their deceased brother/sister before the burial, there is absolutely nothing one is required or obligated to read or recite.
The rite and ritual of sadeqallah is apparently specific to a particular sect who recite and perform this self-invented ritual over their deceased; there is absolutely not even an iota of evidence of such a rite or ritual like sadeqallah found in the authentic and established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws). The believers should fear Allah and abstain from performing all such innovated and self-invented rituals which have unfortunately been thrust into the pure and perfect deen of Islam.
If one brings, invents, adds or innovates any act or deed in religion which has not been specifically endorsed by Allah and His Messenger (saws), then it has to be a bida (innovation in the religion after the deen was completed on Prophet Mohamed (saws)), and Allah is our witness, every innovation in the deen of Islam is an error in the Sight of Allah Subhanah!
Sahih Muslim Hadith 1885 Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah
That the Prophet of Allah (saws) said in a sermon: The best speech is that which is embodied in the Book of Allah, the Al Quran; and the best guidance is the guidance given by me, Mohamed (saws). The most evil affairs are the innovations (bida), and every innovation (bida) is an error.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4515 Narrated by Ali ibn AbuTalib
That the Prophet of Allah (saws) said: If anyone introduces an innovation (bida in religion), he will be responsible for it. If anyone introduces an innovation (bida) or gives shelter to a man who introduces an innovation (bida), he is cursed by Allah, by His Angels, and by all the people!
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,