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I wanted to ask that is their any hadith or is mentioned in the Quran that those who donot know, when tell their opinion on a religious issue (even when it is right) are saying wrong. If this is correct, then should we not ask a scholar who is qualified to give an answer.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Assalam o alaikum,

Dear Burhan,

 

I wanted to ask that is their any hadith or is mentioned in the Quran that those who donot know, when tell their opinion on a religious issue (even when it is right) are saying wrong. If this is correct, then should we not ask a scholar who is qualified to give an answer.

 

Kindly advise

Wassalam o alaikum,

 

 

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Answer:

 

Knowledge from qualified scholar

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.


 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 9.450 Narrated by Amr bin Al As

That he heard Allah's Messenger (saws) saying, "If a judge gives a verdict according to the best of his knowledge and his verdict is correct (i.e. agrees with Allah and His Messengers (saws) verdict) he will receive a double reward, and if he gives a verdict according to the best of his knowledge and his verdict is wrong, (i.e. against that of Allah and His Messenger (saws)) even then he will get a reward ."

 

If whilst giving an opinion or a decision on any matter of the deen, the person who first and foremost fears Allah, and possesses adequate knowledge regarding that particular matter of the deenif such a person gives the right verdict, he will have a double reward; and if the person unintentionally arrives at the wrong verdict, he will still have a reward for his striving in the Cause of Allah Subhanah.

 

Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 3566 Narrated byBuraydah ibn al-Hasib

The Prophet (saws) said: Judges are of three types, one of whom will go to Paradise and two to Hell. The one who will go to Paradise is a man who knows what is right and gives judgment accordingly; but a man who knows what is right and acts tyrannically in his judgment will go to Hell; and a man who gives judgment for people when he is ignorant will go to Hell.

 

But if one were to possess knowledge, and for some material or personal benefit intentionally gives a decision knowing it is against the verdict of Allah and His Messenger (saws).such a person would be a grave sinner in the Sight of Allah Subhanah.

 

If one does not possess adequate knowledge of the deen, and knows in his heart that he is ignorant on that particular aspect or subject of the deen.it would be akin to piety and righteousness that the person declare his ignorance and abstain from giving an opinion. If such a person gives a verdict, even if it were right, it would be only by accident and chance. such a person would indeed take a sin upon himself.

 

Your Question: I wanted to ask that is their any hadith or is mentioned in the Quran that those who donot know, when tell their opinion on a religious issue (even when it is right) are saying wrong. If this is correct, then should we not ask a scholar who is qualified to give an answer.

Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 218 Narrated by Anas ibn Malik

Allah's Messenger (saws) said: The seeking of knowledge is obligatory for every Muslim.

 

It is the absolutely obligatory duty and responsibility of every muslim to seek religious knowledge; and if one is unclear about any particular aspect or tenet of the deen, indeed one should seek the guidance and opinion of not only a qualified, but a God-fearing scholar.

 

One should always wary from seeking guidance or an opinion from a scholar who is known to or seems inclined towards gaining some personal or material benefit for himself.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan


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