What is the significance of the `utarti` and `charti` surats? Is this an approved Islamic system
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One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
What is the significance of the `utarti` and `charti` surats? Is this an approved Islamic system of selecting the surats one prays during the obligatory and non obligatory parayers?
For e.g. can one pray during zohor prayers nazz and falaq in the first two rakaats or does it have to be falaq and naaz?
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Ascending or descending surah in prayer
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Your Question: What is the significance of the `utarti` and `charti` surats?
When the Gujrati term utarti Surahs is used, it implies to recite the Surahs of the Glorious Quran in the order in which the Quran is compiled. For example, if one recites the 112th Surah Al-Ikhlaas first, and then the 113th Surah Al-Falaq or the 114th Surah An-Naas, it would define the recitation of the Quran in the utarti or descending order.
Charti Surahs would imply the exact opposite of the Utarti method; thus if one recites the 114th Surah An-Naas first, then the 113th Surah Al-Falaq or the 112th Surah Al-Ikhlaas, it would be reciting charti or ascending Surahs.
Your Question: Is this an approved Islamic system of selecting the surats one prays during the obligatory and non obligatory parayers?
Each and every act of worship in Islam can only be approved by Allah and His Messenger (saws) and no one else. The Messenger of Allah (saws) almost always recited the Surahs or verses of the Glorious Quran in the order the Quran was compiled, but there are a few instances recorded in the authentic Sunnah whereby the Messenger of Allah (saws) recited the Surahs in his prayers in the reverse or ascending order.
Because the Messenger of Allah (saws) almost always recited the Quran in his prayers in the order the Quran was compiled or descending order, it would be preferred to pray in the descending order; but if one does pray in the ascending order, it would also be part of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) and thus absolutely permissible and acceptable.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 1.142
Except for the mid-day Friday and 'Id prayers The Prophet (saws) did not confine his recitation of the Qur'an in prayers to some specific surahs.
Except for the mid-day Jumua or Friday prayers and the two Eid prayers when the Prophet (saws) recited specific Surah combinations; in all the other prayers, whether obligatory or voluntary, he (saws) would recite various different Surahs of his choice.
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Your brother and well wisher in Islam,