Can any Kaza(missed) namaz be performed after Fajr and/or Asr.
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One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I wish to know the period of history when the incident of the sabbath mentioned in the quran sura 7 verse 166 whether during the period of Moosa (AS) or Dawood (AS) and if possible the year(before Hijri)
2. Can any Kaza(missed) namaz be performed after Fajr and/or Asr.
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Sabbath and Qada prayers
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Your Question: I wish to know the period of history when the incident of the sabbath mentioned in the quran sura 7 verse 166 whether during the period of Moosa (AS) or Dawood (AS) and if possible the year(before Hijri)
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 7 Surah Aaraaf verses 163-166:
163 Ask them concerning the town standing close by the sea. Behold! They transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath. For on the day of their Sabbath their fish did come to them openly holding up their heads but on the day they had no Sabbath they came not: thus did We make a trial of them for they were given to transgression.
164 When some of them said: "why do ye preach to a people whom Allah will destroy or visit with a terrible punishment?" Said the preachers: "to discharge our duty to your Lord and perchance they may fear him."
165 When they disregarded the warnings that had been given them We rescued those who forbade evil; but We visited the wrong-doers with a grievous punishment because they were given to transgression.
166 When in their insolence they transgressed (all) prohibition, We said to them: "Be ye apes, despised and rejected."
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verses 65-66:
65 And well ye knew those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath; We said to them: "Be ye apes despised and rejected."
66 So We made it an example to their own time and to their posterity, and a lesson to those who fear Allah.
Neither the Glorious Quran, nor the authentic and established Sunnah, nor the available Scriptures of the People of the Book, nor the recorded history of the Bani Israel record the exact dates or period of when exactly the above incident took place; thus the Truth is that Allah Alone Knows best regarding the exact dates and the period of this incident.
Although the breaking or
violation of the Sabbath carried a death penalty in the Mosaic Law, the
Israelites had begun to practice open transgression of the Sabbath. If the available scriptures of the People of
the Book are to be believed, during the time (628BC-586BC) of Jeremiah (regarded
as a Prophet in the Old Testament), the Israelites used to carry in loads of
merchandise through the gates of
Likewise, Ezekiel (who is also regarded as a Prophet in the Old Testament 595BC-536BC) also complains bitterly of the desecration of the Lords Sabbath by the Jews on a national scale (Bible, Ezekiel 20: 12-24). From these quotations the historians have deduced that the incident mentioned in the Quran of the Sabbath breakers might have occurred during or soon after this period. And Allah Alone Knows Best.
The historians and
researches are of the opinion that the place where this incident related in the
Quran took place is most probably the port city of Ailah (or (previous names
Elat or Elote) where the modern Jewish state of Israel has constructed a
sea-port of the same name, the location of which is very close to the famous
Jordanian port of Aqabah. The location
of Ailah is at the end of the long inlet of the Red Sea which is between the
eastern part of the Sinai Peninsula and the western side of
Your Question: Can any Kaza(missed) namaz be performed after Fajr and/or Asr.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.555 Narrated by Umar
The Prophet (saws) forbade praying after the Fajr prayer till the sun rises, and after the 'Asr prayer till the sun sets.
In light of the above guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws) it is not permissible for one to offer voluntary Nafl prayers after the obligatory Fajr prayers until the sun has risen completely, and after the obligatory Asr prayers after the sun has set completely.
Qais ibn 'Umar relates that he went to the fajr prayer and found the Prophet (saws) praying fajr. Although Qais had not prayed the sunnah prayer, he joined the Prophet (saws) and prayed fajr with him. When he had finished praying fajr (in congregation with the Prophet (saws)), he got up and prayed the two rak'at (of sunnah) prayer (which he had missed). The Messenger of Allah (saws) passed by him and inquired: "What is this prayer?" Qais then informed him (saws) of all that had happened. The Prophet (saws) kept silent and did not say anything.
This is related by Ahmad, Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibban, at-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majah.
In light of the above guidance, the scholars and jurists in Islam hold it permissible for one who has missed his prayers, to offer qada or missed prayers after the obligatory prayers of fajr and asr; but hold the praying of voluntary or extra Nafl prayers after the obligatory prayers of Fajr and Asr as prohibited.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,