Qurbani and trial
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I have a question, we had decided on doing qurbani this past EID. Unfortunetly due to unforseen circumstances we were unable to. Later a car accident occurred we fear that since we had initially decided on doing the qurbani but later back away. Now we are in confusion should we do the qurbani now or promise to ourselves to it next EID? Please answer as soon as you can, thank you.
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Qurbani and trial
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
The act of qurbani or sacrifice as a commemoration of the great sacrifice and the Sunnah of Prophet Ibraheem (a.s.) is specific to the Days of Eid al-Adha. If one, for any reason, does not do the sacrifice in the specific days of Eid al-Adha, he is not required nor obligated to perform it at a later date. But if one wishes to offer a sacrifice on other days as an act of gratefulness to Allah Subhanah or to give sadaqah, there is absolutely no harm.
Your Statement: we had decided on doing qurbani this past EID. Unfortunetly due to unforseen circumstances we were unable to.
Sahih Muslim Hadith 233 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
The Messenger of Allah (saws) said: The Great and the Glorious Lord said (to the Angels): Whenever My bondsman intends to commit an evil, do not record it against him, but if he actually commits it, then write it as one evil. And when he intends to do good but does not do it, then take it down as one act of goodness, but if he does it, then write down ten deeds (in this record).
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.1 Narrated by Umar bin Al Khattab
I heard Allah's Messenger (saws) saying, "The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended."
Beloved Brother, the offering of qurbani on Eid al-Adha is a preferred Sunnah and not obligatory; thus if one does it, he will have a huge reward for his good deed in the Presence of Allah Subhanah, and if one does not do it, there is no sin.
If you had intended to offer a voluntary sacrifice on the past Eid al-Adha, and were unable to do it due to an unforeseen circumstance, rest assured that Allah Subhanah will reward you for your noble intention. There is no kaffarah or atonement for not offering an intended qurbani, but it would be considered righteousness and a good deed if the next year you fulfilled your past intention by offering an additional sacrifice.
Your Statement: Later a car accident occurred we fear that since we had initially decided on doing the qurbani but later back away.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 21 Surah Anbiyaa verse 35: Every soul shall have a taste of death: and We test you by evil and by good by way of trial: to Us must ye return.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verses 155-157:
155 Be sure We shall test you with something of fear, and hunger, some loss in goods, or lives, or the fruits (of your toil); but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere.
156 Who say when afflicted with calamity: "To Allah we belong and to Him is our return."
157 They are those on whom (descend) blessings from Allah and Mercy, and they are the ones that receive guidance.
The incident of the car accident is absolutely unrelated to your noble intention to offer a voluntary sacrifice during the days of Eid al-Adha. Our Lord is Forgiving and Merciful and does not inflict punishment on someone just because one amongst His believing slaves could not fulfill his voluntary intention!
Beloved Brother in Islam, believe it with conviction that the accident that occurred was no more than a trial from your Lord, which would have happened regardless of the performance or non-performance of the intended qurbani. Everything that befalls men, whether good or evil, is from amongst the Divine Decrees of Allah Subhanah whereby He tests His slaves to see who amongst them are grateful when given in abundance, and patient when afflicted with some calamity.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,