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Sunnah dua after prayer

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

What is the Sunnah way of Dua after Imam finishes leading fard prayers?

 

I have seen different practices in different mosques. In some mosques Imam does not make Dua after Fard prayers. In others it is almost compulsory for Imam to make Dua after every Fard prayers. Further, in some other mosques Imam makes Dua two times, one is immediately after Fard prayers and other after finishing the complete prayers? I am confused as to what is the Sunnah way and what did Prophet pbuh did at the end of Fard prayers? Please Quote relevant Hadith.

 

Jazak Allah Khair for your help.

 

Sincerely,

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Sunnah dua after prayer

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

There are several narrations from the Prophet (saws) regarding the supplications he (saws) would make after performing his prayers, and it is a preferred Sunnah for the believers to do the same. It is also the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) that he (saws) would make these supplications after the salat in private and not aloud in congregation.

 

Fiqh-us-Sunnah

Fiqh 1.164

Sunnah acts of prayer, Words of Remembrance and Supplications After the Tasleem

 

It is Sunnah for the believers to use a number of words of remembrance and supplications which have been related from the Prophet (saws). The many reports include the following:


1. Reported Thauban, "When the Prophet (saws) would finish his prayer, he would seek Allah's forgiveness three times and then say, 'O Allah, You are the Peace, and from You is Peace. You are filled with Good, O Sublime and Honorable One." This is related by "the group," except for al-Bukhari. Muslim has the addition, "Waleed said, 'I asked al-Auza'i, 'How did he (saws) seek Allah's forgiveness?' He said, 'By saying, 'I seek Allah's forgiveness, I seek Allah's forgiveness, I seek Allah's forgiveness."

2. One day the Prophet (saws) took Mu'adh ibn Jabal's hand and said to him, "O Mu'adh, I love you." Mu'adh responded, "May my father and mother be sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah (saws), I love you." Then the Prophet (saws) said, "I advise you, O Mu'adh, say at the end of every prayer, 'O Allah, aid me in Your remembrance, Your thanks, and in perfecting Your worship." This is related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i, Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibban and al-Hakim. Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said, "Do you strive your utmost in making a supplication? Then say, 'O Allah, aid us in making Your remembrance, in giving You thanks and in perfecting Your worship."

3. Reported 'Abdullah ibn Zubair, "When the Prophet (saws) made the tasleem at the end of the prayer, he would say, 'There is no god but Allah the One. There is no partner with Him, to Him belongs the Sovereignty and to Him is the Praise. He has power over all things. There is no might or power save with Allah. We do not worship any but Him. To Him belongs the fortune, the grace and the best praise. There is no god except Allah, and religion is sincerely for Him even if the disbelievers abhor it." (Related by Ahmad, al-Bukhari and Muslim. )

4. Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah reported that the Prophet (saws) would say at the end of every obligatory prayer, "There is no god except Allah, the One. There is no partner with Him. To Him is the dominion and the praise. He has power over all things. O Allah, none can withhold what You have conferred, nor can one confer what You have withheld. A fortune does not benefit its owner against You." (Related by Ahmad, al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

5. Abu Umamah reported that the Prophet said, "For whoever recites the verse of the throne al-Baqarah:255 at the end of every prayer, nothing will prevent him from entering Paradise except that (he must) die (first)." (Related by an-Nasa'i and at-Tabarani.)

'Ali reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "Whoever recites the verse of the throne (Baqarah 2:255) at the end (after) of every obligatory prayer will be in Allah's protection until the next prayer." This is related by at-Tabarani.

6. Abu Hurairah related that the Prophet (saws) said, "Whoever glorifies Allah after every prayer thirty-three times, and praises Allah thirty-three times and extols Allah's greatness thirty-three times and then says, 'There is no god except Allah, the One. There is no partner with Him. His is the dominion and His is the praise, and He has power over all things,' is forgiven, even if his sins are as abundant as the foam of the sea." (Related by Ahmad, al-Bukhari, Muslim and Abu Dawud.)

7. Ka'b ibn 'Ajrah related that the Prophet (saws) said, "There are certain statements which, if one were to utter or observe them at the end of every obligatory prayer, one would not be dismayed. (They are) glorifying Allah thirty-three times, praising Allah thirty-three times and extolling His greatness thirty-four times." (Related by Muslim. )

8. Sumayy reported from Abu Saleh on the authority of Abu Hurairah that the poor emigrants went to the Messenger of Allah (saws) and said, "The wealthy have gotten the high ranks and everlasting bounties." The Prophet (saws) said, "Why is that?" They said, "They pray as we pray and they fast as we fast. (But) they give in charity and we do not give in charity. They free the slaves and we do not free the slaves." The Messenger of Allah (saws) told them, "Shall I teach you something by which you may overtake those who surpass you, by which you will surpass those who will come after you, and none will then be better than you except if he does what you do?" They said, "Certainly, O Messenger of Allah (saws)." He told (saws) them, "Glorify Allah thirty-three times, praise Him thirty three times, and extol His greatness thirty-four times." (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

9. 'Abdurahman ibn Ghanim reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said, "Whoever says, 'There is no god but Allah, the One. There is no partner with Him. His is the dominon and His is the praise. In his hand is all the good. He gives life and death, and He has power over all things,' ten times after the sunrise and dawn prayer, before turning away and lifting his leg, will have written for him for each repetition ten good deeds, and will have erased for him ten evil deeds. He will also be raised ten degress, will be protected from every plot, and he will be protected from the outcast Satan. No sin will lead to his destruction except idolatry, and he will be the person with the best deeds, surpassed only by the one who does more and says more than what he has said." This is related by Ahmad and at-Tirmidhi.

10. Muslim ibn al-Harith reported that his father said, "The Messenger of Allah (saws) said to me, 'When you pray the morning prayer, before you talk to anyone say, 'O Allah, I seek your protection from the Hell-fire' seven times. If you should die on that day, Allah will record for you protection from the Hell-fire. When you pray the sunset prayer, say before you speak to anyone, 'O Allah, I ask Paradise of You. O Allah, I seek Your protection from the Hell-fire' seven times. If you die during that night, Allah will record for you protection from the Hell-fire." (Related by Ahmad and Abu Dawud.)

11. Al-Bukhari and at-Tirmidhi related that Sa'd ibn Abu Waqqas used to teach the following words to his children, "The Messenger of Allah (saws) would seek refuge at the end of every prayer (by saying), 'O Allah, I seek refuge in you from cowardice. I seek refuge in You from miserliness, I seek refuge in You from senility, and I seek refuge in You from the trials of this world, and I seek refuge in You from the torment of the grave."

12. Abu Hatim related that the Prophet (saws) would say, upon finishing his prayers, "O Allah, make my religion, which encompasses all of my affairs, good. O Allah, make this world of mine in which I live good. O Allah, I seek refuge in Your pleasure from Your anger. I seek refuge in Your pardoning from your vengeance. I seek refuge in You from You. None can withhold what You have conferred, no one can confer what You have withheld. No possesser of fortune can benefit from his fortune against you."

13. Abu Dawud and al-Hakim recorded that at the end of every prayer the Prophet (saws) would say, "O Allah, give me well-being in my body. O Allah, give me well-being in my hearing. O Allah, give me well-being in my seeing. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from disbelief and poverty. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the torment of the grave. There is no god but You."

14. Ahmad, Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i recorded from Zaid ibn Arqam that the Prophet (saws) would say at the end of his prayers, "O Allah, our Lord, Lord of everything. I bear witness that You are the Lord, You are One, You have no partner. O Allah, Our Lord, Lord of everything. I bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is Your servant and Messenger. O Allah, our Lord, the Lord of everything. I bear witness that all of your worshippers are brethren. O Allah, our Lord, Lord of everything. Make me and my family sincere to you during every moment of this life and the Hereafter. O Sublime and Honorable One, listen and respond. Allah is the greatest of the greatest, the light of the heavens and the earth. Allah is the greatest of the greatest, Allah is sufficient for me and He is the most blessed guardian. Allah is the greatest of the greatest.''

15. Ahmad, Ibn Shaibah and Ibn Majah recorded from Umm Salamah, that the Prophet (saws) would say after the tasleem of the morning prayer, "O Allah, I ask of You beneficial knowledge, sufficient provisions, and acceptable deeds."

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your Brother in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 


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