Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
As Salaam Aleikum,
My Wife had a Miscarriage around the 17/9/03, she was only six weeks pregnant. By the Grace of Allah she has fully recovered.
My Question is can my Wife Fast in Ramadan, her Mother says she cannot perform Prayers, Read Quran or Fast for 40 Days.
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In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 1.70a
Such bleeding occurs after the birth of a child, regardless if the child survived the birth or not. This type of bleeding has no minimum duration, for it could stop right after the birth, or there could even be no blood. Therefore, her confinement would end and she would be obliged to fast, pray, and so on. The maximum duration is forty days. Said Umm Salamah, "During the lifetime of the Prophet, the post-childbirth woman would be in confinement for forty days." (Related by "the five," except for an-Nasa'i.)
After recording the hadith, at-Tirmidhi states, "The knowledgeable companions, the following generation and those that came later agree that a woman experiencing post-childbirth bleeding had to stop praying for forty days unless her blood stopped. If her bleeding stops before that time, she is to make ghusl and start praying. If she sees blood after forty days, most scholars say that she is not to stop praying."
If after the miscarriage, the believing woman is completely recovered and her post-miscarriage bleeding (if any) has completely stopped; she should purify herself with a ‘ghusl’, and make herself available for prayer and fast and avail herself of the tremendous benefits and blessings of worshipping the Merciful Lord in the blessed month of Ramadan. The forty day injunction in Shariah is for the woman who has excessive bleeding after miscarriage or childbirth, but if the bleeding stops before forty days, she should purify herself and make herself available for prayer and fasting.
But if her post miscarriage bleeding for any reason has not stopped, she should wait a maximum of forty days till it stops completely; then purify herself and make herself available for prayer and fasts; and if she missed any fasts due to her bleeding, she should make them up after Ramadan.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,