Fasting on 29th of Dhil-Qaadah & 1st of Dhil-Hajjah
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
What is the Farman for keeping fast on 29th of ZILQUAD & 1st of ZILHAJJ?
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Fasting on 29th of Dhil-Qaadah and 1st of Dhil-Hajjah
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
There is no particular command of the Messenger of Allah (saws), that the believers are to fast on this particular date, nor did the Messenger of Allah (saws) fast on 29th Dhil-Qaadah, unless of course if it happened to be on a Monday or a Thursday; for it was the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) to fast every Monday and Thursday.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 2430 Narrated by Usamah ibn Zayd
The client of Usamah ibn Zayd said that he went along with Usamah to Wadi al-Qura in pursuit of his camels. He would fast on Monday and Thursday. His client said to him: Why do you fast on Monday and Thursday, while you are an old man? He said: The Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) used to fast on Monday and Thursday. When he was asked about it, he said: The works of the servants (of Allah) are presented (to Allah) on Monday and Thursday.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 2431 Narrated by One of the wives of the Prophet
Hunaydah ibn Khalid narrated from his wife on the authority of one of the wives of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who said: The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) used to fast the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, Ashura', and three days of every month, that is, the first Monday (of the month) and Thursday.
There is no particular command to fast only on the first of Dhil-Hajjah. The Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) was that he used to fast the first nine days of Dhil-Hajjah, and advised the believers who were not performing the pilgrimage of Hajj to do likewise. These are voluntary fasts, and one may fast as many, or all nine days if he so wishes.
Al-Auza'i says: "It has reached me that a deed on one of the ten days is similar to fighting in the way of Allah, fasting during its days and guarding during its nights, except for him who becomes a martyr." As to its source, he adds: "A man from the tribe of Bani Makhzum related that to me from the Prophet."
Abu Hurairah relates that the Prophet said: "There are no days more loved to Allah for you to worship Him therein than the ten days of DhulHijja. Fasting any day during it is equivalent to fasting one year and to offer salatul tahajjud (late-night prayer) during one of its nights is like performing the late night prayer on the night of power. [i.e., Lailatul Qadr]." This is related by at-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, and al-Baihaqi.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.86 Narrated by Ibn Abbas
The Prophet said, "No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul Hijja)." Then some companions of the Prophet said, "Not even Jihad?" He replied, "Not even Jihad, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allah's sake) and does not return with any of those things."
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,