Believe in ijtehad and qiyaas
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Two days ago ,I brows your web site ,it was butiful,but when I read your Introduction I wondered,because your claim is to invite towords right path ( Alhidaya) but only from 2 sourcs, AlQuran and Al sunah.And it seems that you dont like to go or use any other sources accept these two sources, also Ijma-e-sahaba ,and Qias shar'ai. And also you claim that there is no problem in this world that has no soulution but in Qur'an and Sunnah,while one of the companion Hazrat Mua'dh bin aljabal Radiallah-u-ta'ala anhu asked by Rasol-ALLAH Sal,allahu,alaihe,wasallam."O Mua'dh if you not found any problem in qur'an or sunnah ,then what will you do?"
then he replied that I will try my best,and I will perform Ijtehad myself. So what is this ?and what is that you invite the people towords it ? Please guide me towords rihgt way,you think.
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
Believe in ijtehad and qiyaas
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Ijmaa, Ijtehaad and Qiyaas are all terms used in Fiqh, Jurisprudence, Islamic Law or Shariah.
Ijmaa is the term used for a opinion or command of Islam where all the good and respected scholars of Islam are unanimous in their ruling.
For example, there is Ijmaa amongst the scholars that there are five obligatory prayers, or that adhaan must be given before the prayers, or that a funeral prayer must be read over a deceased believer, or that swine is prohibited in Islam, etc.
The literal meaning of Ijtehaad is derived from the root word jehad or striving, to find a solution in light of the guidance of the Quran and Sunnah.
Ijtehaad is the process where the scholars of Islam strive to find a solution to an issue on which the Quran and Sunnah are silent. For example an issue of the modern times is : is it legal to pull off the life-support system of a brain-dead declared person?.
Because it is a new development of modern technology, the Quran and Sunnah are obviously silent on the issue. Thus the respected scholars of Islam must do ijtehaad and derive a ruling whether such a thing is permissible or impermissible in Islam, in light of the guidance of the Quran and Sunnah.
Qiyaas is a term used when determining the root-cause of the process to do Ijtehaad. Qiyaas is a process whereby a clear ruling of the permissibility or impermissibility of an act or thing is applied to an issue closest related to it. For example, Allah and His Messenger (saws) have declared khamr (wine, alcohol, etc.) haraam. Now if someone were to ask for a ruling on the usage of marijuana, the scholars of Islam would do Qiyaas and determine the root cause of the haraam of khamr is its intoxication; thus all things that intoxicate would be considered haraam. Because the usage of marijuana intoxicates, it too would be considered haraam.
Your Question: your claim is to
invite towords right path ( Alhidaya) but only from 2 sourcs,
AlQuran and Al sunah. And
it seems that you dont like to go or use any other
sources accept these two sources, also Ijma-e-sahaba ,and Qias shar'ai.
My beloved brother in Islam, we sincerely apologize if our statement has caused any misunderstanding, whereby it seems to you that we do not believe or respect the processes of Ijmaa, Qiyaas, or Ijtehaad, etc.
Beloved brother, our mission, as is the mission of every scholar and brother in the Cause of Allah is to derive our guidance from the two divine sources of learning: the Quran and the Sunnah of the Last Messenger (saws). Is there anyone who can claim that the Ijmaa, or Qias, or Ijtehaad, or Fiqh, or Shariah, etc. is based on anything other than the guidance of the Quran and Sunnah? These terms when used automatically and categorically mean that the scholars and the learned derive their decision in their understanding and in light of the Quran and Sunnah!
Thus no matter what processes we use to learn and derive solution to the issues that arise in life today and till the end of time; it is our duty to derive these solutions from or in light of none other than the two divine sources alone: Glorious Quran and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws).
Ijmaa, and Qiyaas, and Ijtehaad, and Fiqh, etc. are nothing but names or terms used to derive to a solution or a path in light of the guidance of the two indisputable sources of the Knowledge of Truth: the Quran and the Sunnah; and we absolutely believe in them.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,