What to recite in each rakah?
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I have a few unrelated questions.
1. Do we have to read surahs after surah fatiha in all 4 rakahs in 4 sunnahs (in duhrr for example)?
2. Do djinns fast?
3. Should we accept dinner invitations by hindus?
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What to recite in each rakah?
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Q-1: Do we have to read surahs after surah fatiha in all 4 rakahs in 4 sunnahs (in duhrr for example)?
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.723 Narrated by Ubada bin As Samit
The Messenger of Allah (saws) said, "Whoever does not recite Al-Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid."
The reciting of Surah Fatehah in every rakah of the prayer is an obligatory condition of prayer, without which the prayer would be deemed invalid.
It is the Sunnah or tradition of the Messenger of Allah (saws) that he would recite a Surah or a part of it after the recitation of Surah Fatehah in the first two rakahs of all the fard or obligatory prayers; and recite only Surah Fatehah alone in the 3rd and/or 4th rakahs.
It is also the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) to recite a Surah or part of it after the recitation of Surah Fatehah in all the voluntary (Sunnah or Nafl) prayers; regardless of whether one prays two, four, ten or a hundred rakahs of the voluntary prayers.
If one prays only Surah Fatehah alone in the prayers, his prayer will still be deemed valid; but it would be best to follow the Sunnah and pray a Surah or a part of it after the recitation of Surah Fatehah.
But if one does not recite Surah Fatehah in any rakah of the prayer, that prayer will be deemed invalid.
Q-2: Do djinns fast?
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 72 Surah Jinn verses 1-2:
1 Say (O Mohamed): It has been revealed to me that a company of Jinns listened (to the Qur'an). They say `We have really heard a wonderful Recital!
2 It gives guidance to the Right, and we have believed therein: We shall not join (in worship) any (gods) with our Lord.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 72 Surah Jinn verses 14-15:
14 (The Jinns said): Amongst us are some that submit their wills (to Allah) and some that swerve from justice. Now those who submit their wills they have sought out (the path) of right conduct:
15 But those who swerve, they are (but) fuel for Hell Fire
In light of the above guidance from the Holy Quran, it is evident that although the Jinns might follow a different Shariah or Law, the basic belief of Tauheed (Oneness of Allah) and the belief of the concept of Aakheraah (Hereafter) is exactly the same.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 183:O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint.
The Jinns and mankind are two creations of the Lord, who are given a free will, and thus will have an accounting in the Court of Allah Subhanah on the Day of Judgement according to their deeds.
The only knowledge mankind has about the life of the Jinns is what is mentioned in the Quran and the Sunnah. Fasting is a form of worship which Allah says in the Glorious Quran that it has been prescribed to those before us; thus it would be safe to assume that fasting would have been prescribed to the Jinns by Allah Subhanah in their Shariah. And Allah Alone Knows Best.
Q-3: Should we accept dinner invitations by hindus?
There is absolutely no harm if one accepts dinner or food of the people who are polytheists (Hindus, Buddhists, etc.); provided the food in its essence is not declared haraam by Allah and His Messenger (saws).
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 5 Surah Maidah verse 3: Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah, that which hath been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death, that which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal; unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due form); that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); (forbidden) also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety
Thus if a polytheist or even a muslim serves any of the above forbidden foods, it will be considered haraam for the believers.
But if the polytheist serves vegetables, or fruits, or flesh of halaal animals slaughtered by a believer, etc. then all such food would be considered halaal food for the believers to consume; even if it is served or cooked by the polytheists.
Regarding the permissibility of invitations from polytheists, there is absolutely no harm in accepting invitations if one of them invites you socially, or invites you to celebrate a personal or non-religious occasion like a job-promotions party, or a graduation party, etc. The Messenger of Allah (saws) accepted invitations and ate halaal food served by the non-muslims.
But if a polytheist invites you to one of his religious ceremonies like Diwali, or Holi, or Dasera, etc. which would obviously consist of their acts of shirk; the believers should not accept such invitations, nor eat food served at such gatherings; for all such food would be considered haraam in light of the above Aayah of the Glorious Quran: Forbidden to you (for food) are: ..and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,