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Age limit for Fasting

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Assalamu alaykum.

I have one question to ask:

What is the age limit which exempts an adult from fasting during the holy month of Ramadhan?

My father is 70 years old and I was told that he is exempted.Please confirm,and reply as soon as possible as fasting is coming up soon.

Ma salaam,

 

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Answer:

 

Age limit for Fasting

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.


 

There is no particular age limit prescribed in Islam after which the obligatory fasts of Ramadan become exempt. Allah Subhanah has made it obligatory for the believers who are healthy and stationed in their place of domicile to fast the whole month of Ramadan, but if one is ill or on a journey he may break his fast and make up these missed fasts on any other days of the year.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 185: Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So everyone of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if anyone is ill or on a journey the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.

 

Thus if one is elderly and terminally ill and is unable to keep the fasts of Ramadan, nor has hope of recovering and making up the fasts later, or if by keeping the fasts his health would deteriorate further; there is absolutely no harm if such a person does not fast. His kaffarah or expiation would be that he should feed one poor person for every day of his missed fasts; it is expected that the Merciful Lord would accept the expiation of such a person and not hold him accountable for his missed fasts.

 

Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put you to difficulties.(Holy Quran 2:185)

 

The companion of the Messenger of Allah (saws), Hadrat Ibn 'Abbas (r.a.) said: "An elderly man is permitted to break his fast, but he must feed a poor person daily. If he does this, he does not have to make up the days that he did not fast.

Related by ad-Daraqutni and by al-Hakim.

 

Ata heard Hadrat Ibn 'Abbas (r.a.) recite the 'ayah: "And for those who can fast [but do not], there is a "ransom': the feeding of a person in need" [Al-Baqarah 2:184]. Its ruling applies to elderly men and women who are not able to fast. Instead, they must feed one poor person on a daily basis."

Related by Al-Bukhari.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your Brother in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 


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