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Sajdah & Kadambosi

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Assalamo-Alikum

I have been debating with a Kothari Bohra about sajda and kadam bosi precticed by them. I have received some Ahadis regarding kadam bosi and sajda saying Prophet SAW allowed some people to kiss his feet. I am not Bohri and have doubt about these Ahadits. Can you please check his response and help me out with my answer to it. Here is his material —------------- Let me provide some reference provided by a sunni alim: No where in the Quran Sajada of Respect has been banned or branded

as Haraam or Shirk.

1.)The first act of Sajada was performed by angels to Adam Nabi(saw)and the one who was branded as Mardood is an open history.

2)The second one quoted in Quran is the sajada of respect to Yusuf Nabi(saw) by his brothers.

3)Third one is of Bani Israel on the doorstep of Jerusalem.

4)Fourth one is of the respect of Saleh Nabi's (as) she camel.

5)Running in between Safa and Marwah has been termed as Shaeeril Allah (signs of Allah)in respect of Bibi Hajira (ra).

6)Narrated by Hazrath Buraida: A bedoin requested Rasul Allah (saws) to show him a miracle (mujiza) Rasul Allah (saws) asked "Go and tell that tree that Rasul Allah (saws) has asked u to come". The tree left its root and came dragging its trunk and said "Asalamu Alaika Ya Rasul Allah (saw)" and it went back when ordered so. On seeing this the bedoin wanted to do Sajada to which Rasul Allah (saws) replied "If I would have given permission to do Sajada, it would have been to a women in respect of her husband". On hearing this the bedoin requested "at least can I kiss the holy feet and Hands" and the permission was granted. Also the disciple of Ashraf Ali Thanwi, Mufti Muhammed Shafi has quoted this hadith in his book "Jawahir ul Fiqha" and quoted Allama Shaami as the source and added that this hadith is "Sahih".

Not only that Mufti Shafi has included a chapter on "kissing of hands and

feets" in this book from "Tirmizi,Nisai Ibn E Maja and Abu Dawood".

Narrated Safwan: "2 Yahudis came to see the 9 signs of Nubuwat after which they seeked permission and kissed the hands and feets of Rasul Allah (saws) (Tirmizi).

Narrated Zarreh:

"When we alighted in Medina we kissed the holy hands and feets of Rasul

Allah (saws) (Abu Dawood, Mishkwat). Muhammed Yusuf son of Maulvi

Muhammed Ilyas (founder of TAblighi Jamaat) stated in his book "Hayat us Sahaba", Imam Hasan(as) naratted : Talha bin Baraa came to see Rasul Allah (saws), he kissed the holy feets". All of the sajada done in the references were done out of respect for that person and as a sukhar to Allah for bringing that person in to this world.

—---------

My questions are these ahadith's authentic? Did Prophet SAW ask tree

stump to move and it moved?

Please help

Was salaam

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Sajdah & Kadambosi

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.


 

Your Comment: Nowhere in the Quran Sajada of Respect has been banned or branded as Haraam or Shirk.

In Islam, all the rites and rituals of worship are stated in the Holy Quran and/or practically done and taught by the Messenger of Allah (saws). No one worshipped Allah Subhanah better and more than the Messenger of Allah (saws), therefore nothing can be added to these rites of worship. And if any rites and rituals are added, they will be termed innovations and as with all innovations in the deen of Islam, they should be rejected.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 22 Surah Hajj verse 77:O you who believe, do rukoo and sajdah to Allah Alone, worship Allah Alone, and do righteous deeds. It may be that you attain true success.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 41 Surah Fusselat verse 37:Do not do sajdah to the sun and the moon, but do sajdah to that Allah, Who Created them, if you really are indeed His worshippers.

 

There are at least fourteen places in the Holy Quran, whereby it is Sunnah for the believers to perform the act of sajdah to the Lord of the Worlds. The specific act of sajdah is such that a person bows down in all humility and subservience; and this act of worship is due to no one other than Allah Subhanah Alone.

 

And the next time you meet this kothari Bohra friend, ask him why do they write ma-a sajdah-tul-uboodiyah (with the sajdah of worship) everytime they end their letter to their leader. Brother, sajdah is an act of worship; and as with all acts of worship, they are due to Allah Subhanah Alone.

 

Your Comment: The first act of Sajada was performed by angels to Adam Nabi(saw) and the one who was branded as Mardood is an open history.

Allah has related this incident several times in the Holy Quran. But what is the connection with this sajdah to the sajdah that is done by some human beings to their leader in worship and subservience?

 

Your Comment: The second one quoted in Quran is the sajada of respect to Yusuf Nabi(saw) by his brothers.

Allah has related this incident in the Holy Quran. We are commanded by Allah to follow the example of Prophet Mohamed (saws) in the Holy Quran. The Prophet (saws) did not do sajdah to anyone except Allah Subhanah, and nor did he allow his companions and family to do sajdah to him. And Allah is a witness, no one loved and respected anyone more, than the family and the companions of the Prophet (saws) loved Mohamed ar-Rasool Allah (saws). If they did not do sajdah to him, and he absolutely did not allow them to do sajdah to him; it is clear evidence that the act of sajdah is due to Allah Subhanah Alone and no one else!

 

Your Comment: Third one is of Bani Israel on the doorstep of Jerusalem.

This incident is also related in the Holy Quran. But this sajdah was to be done to Allah in gratefulness and not to any person or object.

 

Your Comment: Fourth one is of the respect of Saleh Nabi's (as) she camel.

There is absolutely no mention of the sajdah done to Prophet Salehs (a.s.) camel in the Holy Quran, therefore it is not true.

 

Your Comment: Running in between Safa and Marwah has been termed as Shaeeril Allah (signs of Allah)in respect of Bibi Hajira (ra).

Allah has indeed termed the Safa and Marwah as the Signs of Allah. We really do not understand the connotation between these Signs of Allah, and the act of sajdah done to human beings and graves!

 

Your Comment: Narrated by Hazrath Buraida:A bedoin requested Rasul Allah (saws) to show him a miracle (mujiza).Rasul Allah (saws) asked "Go and tell that tree that Rasul Allah (saws)has asked u to come". The tree left its root and came dragging its trunk and said "Asalamu Alaika Ya Rasul Allah (saw)" and it went back when ordered so. On seeing this the bedoin wanted to do Sajada to which Rasul Allah (saws) replied "If I would have given permission to do Sajada, it would have been to a women in respect of her husband". On hearing this the bedoin requested "at least can I kiss the holy feet and Hands" and the permission was granted.

Brother, I have not come across the above hadith in any of the books of Islam. If you could be kind enough to give us the reference number of the hadith you have quoted above and the name of the book, we could comment on it.

To bow down in sajdah or to kiss the feet of any person is against the guidance of Allah and His Messenger (saws). The Prophet (saws) used to meet his companions almost every day and if the companions used to kiss his feet everytime they met him, it would have been narrated in several hadiths.

And even the words of the above supposed hadith make it clear that the Prophet (saws) did not give permission for someone to do sajdah to him!

 

Your Comment: Also the disciple of Ashraf Ali Thanwi, Mufti Muhammed Shafi has quoted this hadith in his book "Jawahir ul Fiqha" and quoted Allama Shaami as the source and added that this hadith is "Sahih". Not only that Mufti Shafi has included a chapter on "kissing of hands and feets" in this book from "Tirmizi,Nisai Ibn E Maja and Abu Dawood". Narrated Safwan: "2 Yahudis came to see the 9 signs of Nubuwat after which they seeked permission and kissed the hands and feets of Rasul Allah (saws) (Tirmizi). Narrated Zarreh: "When we alighted in Medina we kissed the holy hands and feets of Rasul Allah (saws) (Abu Dawood, Mishkwat). Muhammed Yusuf son of Maulvi Muhammed Ilyas (founder of TAblighi Jamaat) stated in his book "Hayat us Sahaba", Imam Hasan(as) naratted : Talha bin Baraa came to see Rasul Allah (saws), he kissed the holy feets". All of the sajada done in the references were done out of respect for that person and as a sukhar to Allah for bringing that person in to this world.

Brother, we would appreciate if you could give us the reference number of the above quoted hadiths, as we have not been able to trace either of them.

 

The generally accepted principle in light of the Holy Quran and the authentic Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) is that the act of sajdah is an act of worship; and as with all acts of worship, they must be dedicated to none but Allah Alone. To do sajdah to a human being or an object and then give it names like sajdah-tus-shukr or sajdah of respect is only to justify a forbidden act. In Islamic Shariah, if anyone does the act of sajdah to any person, grave or object, it will be deemed an open act of shirk.

Kadam-bosi or kissing of the feet of a human being has more to do with Hinduism than with Islam. There is absolutely no authentic hadith of the Prophet (saws), whereby he allowed any of his family or companions to kiss his feet. Yes, there are narrations whereby the Prophet (saws) kissed the forehead and hands of his beloved daughter Syeda Fatema, and she did the same to him (saws). But there is absolutely no authentic narration that proves that the family and/or companions kissed the feet of Prophet Mohamed (saws) everytime they came to his audience.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 

 


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